cclii PRELIMINARY ESSAY.
(Initial Coinage, p. 65), should be Satganw, a much more probable
division. This has been loosely indicated in the sketch map to Ibn
Batuta's Bengal travels.
P. 459 Note 3, and p. 460 Note. Early Sovereigns of Bengal. The light thrown by Mr. Thomas on the history of these sovereigns from his numismatic and other researches corrects in various points the authorities (loose in this matter) followed by Stewart. Following the former, we
have as the first Sultan mentioned by Ibn Batutal
NASIR-UD-DIN MAHMUD, called also Baghrci Khan, the son of the
Emperor Balban. From A.H. 681 (A.D. 1282). It is not known how
or when his reign terminated.
RUKN-UD-DIN KAI-KAUS—Supposed doubtfully to be a son of the preceding, being known only from coins dating A.H. 691-695 (A.D. 1292-
SHAMS-LID-DIN FIRUZ, son of Nâsiruddin, reigning at Laknaoti,
probably from A.H. 702 (A.D. 1302) and up to 722-3 (1322-23).
SHAHAB-UD-DIN BUGHRAH SHAH, son of the preceding, expelled
after a brief reign in A.H. 724 (1324), by
GHIAS-UD-DIN BAHADUR SHAH, surnamed according to Ibn Batuta
Bûrah, "meaning in the language of India Black" (?), another son of Shamsuddin. It is a difficulty about this prince that coins of his are found of A.H. 710-12 (possibly, Mr. Thomas thinks, from " originally imperfect die-rendering" for 720-722), and certainly of the latter dates. On the application of Shahabuddin, Tughlak Shah intervened, and carried Bahadur Bfirah captive to Dehli. Mahomed Tughlak on his accession restored him to power, but some years later was displeased with him,
and marched an army against him. The Bengal prince was beaten, killed, and skinned, circa 733 (A.D. 1332).
It was on this occasion apparently that Mahomed left .Kadr Khan in charge of Laknaoti, and Tatar Khan, surnamed Bahram Khan, an
adopted son of his father Tughlak Shah, in charge of Sunarganw. Ou the death of Bahra,m Khan (737 or 739),
FAKHRUDDIN MUBARAK his silah- dar (" armour-bearer") took possession of the government and proclaimed independence. He retained
his hold on Sunarganw and its dependencies, as his coins show, till 751 (A.D. 1350). Meanwhile
ALI SHAH, erroneously styled by Stewart's authors (as at p. 460) Ali ffIubarak, on the death of Kadr Khan (circa 742) assumed sovereignty
in Western Bengal under the title of Ala-ud-din. After 746 (the last date of his coinage) he was assassinated by Hâjji Iliyâs.
IHKTIYAR-UD-DIN Ghctzi Shah, whose coins show him reigning at Sunarganw 751-753 (A.D. 1350-51) appears to have been a son of Fakhr
1 Several governors of Bengal before this had assumed royal titles and declared independence.