HARDING, Mr. H. I., late Vice-Consul at Kàshgar, collection of antiques presented for New Delhi Museum, 99, 1052 sqq.
HARDINGE OF PENSHURST, Lord, Viceroy of India, encouraging interest of, vii.
hares, on carved wooden panel, (Ma-tissü) 518.
Hariti, goddess, with her babes, on fresco,_(Toyuk) 618, 628.
Hassan Akhün, camel-man, 66, 82, 285, 461.
HASSENSTEIN, Dr., his map of Tarim basin, 68, 77o.
hats, steeple-crowned, stucco, (Murtuk) 619, 632 ; (Astàna) 65o, 653.
Hauzdàr, fortified village in Sistan, 944. hawk, grotesque, on pottery, (Nad-`Ali)
Hazara district, ancient Urahi, com-
munications with Chilàs, 6.
Hazàras, semi-nomadic Mongolians in Khorasan, 898.
Hazrat Shah-i-mardan, Ziàrat of, 876. head-bands, silk, (Ying-Van) 756, 76o. head-dress, with plumes, of bodies found
in L.F. graves, 264, 268.
head-net, (Astana) 65o, 685.
HEDIN, Dr. Sven, experiences of, in desert, 82 ; observations on Tarim district, 181 ; on L.A., 205 ; his routes in Lop desert, 27o n. 4 ; description of Altmish-bulak, 281 n. 1 ; his view of Lop-nor problem ', 761 ; criticisms of his theory, 762 sq. ; on Ying-p`an, 75o ; on route to Korla,
Hei-fan-tzü, Tangut robbers, danger
Hei-kan-so, mentioned in inscription, 544, 545 n. 30 ; Chinese siege train constructed on its heights, 545.
Hei-shui, Chinese name of Etsin-gol, 457.
Hellenistic art, influence of, in wall-paintings, (Mitan) 171 sq., 241 ; in designs of woollen fabrics and tapestries of Tarim basin, 231, 241 ; in woodwork, (Rôshàn) 886 ; in wall-paintings, (Ghagha-shahr) 92o sq. ; designs of Coptic type, 241.
Helmand, river (Sistan) 906 ; barrage, 93o ; changes in bed of, 931, 973 ; seasonal reduction of volume of water, 931.
Dasht plateau dividing N. and S. deltas, 943 ; irrigation of S. delta,
southern delta of : prehistoric re-
mains in, 949 sqq. ; list of objects found, 957 sqq.
See Sistan, Ramrüd, Hâmün.
hemp (?) rope, fr. of, (L.K.) 192. HERMANN, Dr. A., on Chieh-chih, 789
Herodotus, mention of Sistan, 906.
Hissâr, district of, 894.
Hissàr, hamlet in Wakhân, ruined fort, 363 ; its antiquity, 363.
Ho, Li Tao-yiian's ` River of the North ', 293, 762 ; identified with united Varkand and Kàshgar rivers, 762, 764 n. r4 ; farther east with Konche-daryà and Kuruk-darya, 762 sqq.
Ho-shang, stucco figure of, 468, 469.
HOBsoN, Mr. R. L., British Museum, help of, xvi ; ` Notes on Ceramic Specimens from Chinese Turkestan, Kansu, and Sistan ', App. D, 1013 sq. ; on Chinese pottery, 436, 441 ; on pottery of Khitai-shahri, 421.
Hodar, valley, 13.
HOERNLE, Dr. F. R., on Khotan antiques, 98.
Homo Alpinus, physical type of : found in bodies in Lou-lan graves, 264 ; preserved in Warshigûm, 44 ; among Kazaks, 55o ; Tajiks, 8S4 ; Wakhis, 863 ; in Shughnan, 881 ; in Rôshan, 885, 1005 sq. ; modified by MongolTurki contact, 1002 sq.
Hondur, village, 44.
hone, sandstone, (Lou-lan) 211, 219. hoopoe, figures of, terra-cotta, 107. HOPKINS, Mr. L. C., help of, on Chinese
inscriptions, 115, 135, 6o7.
horsehair canvas, (L.A.) 222.
horseman, grey marble, (Khotan) 109. horses, abundance of, among Uighurs of Bêsh-balik, 583 n. 6.
horses : figs. of on bronze seals, (Kuchà) 828 ; bronze figures (Loulan) 744, 747 ; clay figures of, (Astana) 652, 690 sqq. ; drawings of,
(M. Tagh) 96 ; on stucco reliefs, (Ghagha-shahr) 912 ; terra-cotta figures, (Khotan) 1o5, 126 ; wooden figures, (Astana) 701.
horses and riders : in rock carving, (Darkbt) 46 ; clay figures of, (Astana)
652 sqq., 657, 662, 704 ; on stucco reliefs, (Ghàgha-shahr) 912.
horses' heads, terra-cotta, 119, 120, 125. horses, winged : terra-cotta, (Khotan)
105, 1o6, 119 ; on silk, (Astana) 677,
Hou Han shu, Later Han Annals, 541,
542, 552, 564, 572.
houses : Rbshân, description of, 887 n. 4 ; wooden models of, (Astana) 649, 651, 684, 688.
Hsi, name of Turfàn in Tang Annals, 580. Hsi-chou, name of Turfàn district in
Tang Annals, 578, 581, 582 n. 6 ;
records of Chinese postal service in,
Hsi-fan nomads as farmers, 5x3. Hsi-hsia or Tangut, dynasty of, 429.
script introduced by Li Yuan-hao,
C. A. D. 1032, 441, 452.
documents and texts, (Khara-khoto)
44o, 443, 446, 480.
bilingual text, Hsi-hsia and Tibetan, 449.
Hsi-i-p`i, station in Tang shu itinerary, possible location of, 802.
Hsi-ta-shan, mountain in Kuruk-tàgh : lead and copper mines, 724 ; tree growth in valley, 725 ; height of peaks, 725 ; meaning of name, 726.
Hsi-to river, Hsüan-tsang's name for Yarkand R., 859.
Hsi-wan-ho, streamlet derived from Sulo-ho, 386, 396.
Hsi-wan-tun, Mongol Sêre, name of ruined watch-tower, 43o.
Hsi-yii-chi, Hsüan-tsang's ` Memoirs of the Western Regions ', 6o.
Hsiao fang-p`an, ` the small protective camp ', local name of fort near Shih-êrh-tun and of fort at the Jade Gate, 385.
Hsin-Chiang, Province, disturbed conditions in, 67.
Hsing-hu lake, identified with dry salt
lake near Chien-ch`üan-tzû, 348. Hsiu-mi-t`o, king of Shan-shan, in alli-
ance with Lü Kuang, 575.
Hsiung-nu or Huns : their occupation of Barkul basin, 539 ; threaten Hami route, 539 ; defeated by Chinese,
D. 73, 540 ; regain Barkul and Hami, 541 ; raids on Chinese route to west, 57o, 77o, 782 ; defeat of, in 108
c., 57o ; Chinese operations against, 89-67 B. c., 576 ; conquest of Chü-shih, 572 ; defeated by Pan Chao, 573 ; recover Chü-shih, 573 ; defeated by Pan Yung, 574.
Hsü Chih-li, king of Posterior Chü-shih, joins the Huns, 572.
Hsü Sung, author of Hsi yü shui tao chi, on location of Pei-t`ing, 555•
Hsüan-tsang, Chinese pilgrim : on Ta-lilo, 21 ; on Sarikol, 55, 57 ; his route to Kashgar, 58 ; used caravan route to Bêsh-toghrak, 321 ; his passage through Turfan, 579 ; on Turfàn, 673 ; on Chao-hu-li, 8o6 ; account of Great Pamir, 858 ; on Shughnan, 88o ; on Wakhàn, 865 ; on Chü-mi-to, 893.
Hu. = Hu-p`u-tzü, Pei-t`ing site, objects from ruined shrine, 559.
Hu, kingdom of, mentioned by Li Taoyiian, 293.
Hu script, used in Turfàn, 577.
Hu, Tartar robbers, dangers of, on Loulan route, 341, 348.
Hu-p`.:4424, village, 556.
Hu-yen, in Han Annals, tribe of Huns, 540, 541 ; Chinese expeditions against,
Hua-hai-tzi : cultivated area and depression,387,395 ; drainageless area divided by transverse range, 396 ; oasis dependent on springs for irrigation, 396 ; small cultivated area of oasis, 396 ; oasis known also as Ying-p`an, 397 ;