K`un-lun range, 169 ; Kuruk-darya,
177, 269 sq. ; N. shore of Lop Sea, 282,
382 sq. ; mountains S. of Su-to-ho,
370 ; Mao-mei, 409 ; Lo-to-ch`êng, 509;
Kan-chou river, 5x9 sq. ; Kuruk-tagh,
71o, 786 ; Tien-shan, 586, 835, 843 ;
Yangi-hissar—Yulduz route, 791; Kash-gar river, 843 ; in charge of convoy of ` finds ' to Srinagar, 844.
Lâl-kan : old mine pit, 76.
Lab-tagh, hills of, 74 ; ruined shrines at, 76 ; ancient route through, 79, 837 ;
Tati remains at, 78, 84o ; objects excavated or found at, 81 ; pottery from, 1015.
Lamjin, oasis, 610 ; watch-tower, 612. Langar pass, ascent to, 856. Langar-kisht, Russian post guarding
Lao-chün-miao, name of ruined shrine on Su-to-ho, 373.
Lap", ` Kôna-shahr' of : Muhammadan circumvallation, 793.
last, sandal-maker's, (Niya) 146, 154. LAUFER, Dr. B., on Chinese documents,
441, 444 ; transcript of bilingual text,
lead, frs. of, (Darél) 29 ; frs. (Khotan) 110 ; (Lou-lan) 200, 207, 211.
lead mines, abandoned, P`o-ch`êng-tzti), 725, 726.
leaden objects : ball, (Domoko) 133 ; bar, (Khotan), 116 ; cone, (Lou-lan) 190 ; disc, (Khara-khoto) 463 ; rod, (Domoko) 133.
leather : rarely used by Manichaeans, 594 ; MS. fr. 594, 598.
fragments : (Khotan) 127 ; (Loulan) 201, 221 ; (Limes) 376, 415 sqq., 420, 427 ; (Khara-khoto) 499 ; (Yingptan), 758.
objects : armour-icales, (Ying-p`an) 776 ; bag, (Lou-ran) 201 ; band, (Loulan) 202 ; forehead ornament for`
horses, (Lou-lan) 246, 254 ; saddle,
(Lou-Ian) 246, 258 ; shoe, (Lou-lan)
215, 222 ; strap with bronze ornaments, (Lou-lan) 194, 201 ; thong, plaited, (Lou-lan) 246, 254 ; whiplash, (Lou-lan) 246, 255.
leaves, artificial, of silk, in tombs (Ast. iii. 4. 02), 654, 693.
LE COQ, Professor A. von, help of, xviii ; ` Inventory List of Manuscript Frs. in
Uighur, Mongol, and Sogdian ', App. K, 1047 sq. ; explorations in Turfân, 566, 584, 589, 614 ; on ruins of Kuehl, 803 ; on wall-paintings of Kizil Ming-oi, 830.
LENOX-CUNYNGHAM, Colonel Sir Gerald, Survey of India, help of, ix.
LENTZ, Dr. W., on fr. of a Manichaean parchment from Kara-khôja, 598, 1o81.
LEO DIACONUS : notice of Chinese imported silks in Byzantine times, 243.
leopard, winged, on figured silk, (Loulan) 251.
LivI, Prof. Sylvain : help of, xvii ; on ` Udyana ', 20 n. I ; on ` TokhAri B ', 803 ; ` Notes on Manuscript Remains in Kuchean ', App. G, 1029.
li, Chinese measure of distance : usual
equation 5 li to I mile, 307, 348, 839. LI SHU-JUNG, Mr., Chinese magistrate at
Li Ssû-yeh, engaged as Chinese secretary, 66 ; unequal to work in desert, 18o ; transcribes Astaire. inscriptions, 1032.
LI TA-LAO-YEH, Chinese magistrate of Barkul, information furnished by, 549,
Li Tao-yuan : his commentary on the Shuiching, notice of I-hsün, 164 ; account of the ` Town of the Dragon ', 292 ; description of the ` Salt Marsh ', 305 sqq. ; location of his ` Rivers of the South and of the North ', 762 sq. lignite objects, (Khotan) 115.
lilies, on woollen tapestries, (Lou-lan) 247, 256.
Limes, ancient Chinese tracing of : line traced NW. of Tun-huang, 343 sqq. ; ` wet border ' of the Khara-nôr, 344 ; wall T. xxirr. b—g crosses boggy ground, 347 ; turns SE. at T. xxiii. f, 351 ; traced to T. xxrrr. t, 353.
line of, E. of Tun-huang, recovered near T. xxxvit. a, 364; agger, traceable by lines of vegetation, 366 ; inferior construction of, at T. xxxvrr. a, 366, 368 ; double agger near T. xxxvrr. h, due to change of alinement (?), 368 ; from T. xxxvrr. 1. turns NE. to T. xxxvrr. k, 369 ; thence two main walls filled in with earth, 369.
line at Wan-shan-tzü crosses Su-loho, 372 ; gravel mound and ditch mark line of agger W. of T. XL. b, 373, 374 ; agger E. of T. xL. b constructed of gravel and tamarisk brushwood, 394 ; double line of agger at T. xL. c, 375 ; line of agger lost W. of T. XLI. a, 375 ; wall traced by layers of brushwood, 377 ; ruined temple at ` Gate Station ' near Ch`iao-wan-ch`êng, 399 ; military reasons for guarding the right bank of the river, 381 ; line untraceable in lacustrine depression, 383 ; line traced
of T. XLI. o, 383 ; thence SE. to
xLII. a, 384 ; E. of T. xLlr. b, depression along centre of agger due to subsidence, 384.
line E. of Shih-êrh-tun : from T. xLir. e, use of reed fascines indicates marshy character of ground, 389; towers repaired and walled enclosures added, 389 ; remains of small towers, as shelters, built against wall (T. xuu. 1), 395 ; wall lost in depression E. of T. XLIII. 1, 395 ; reason for carrying wall north of Ying-p`an, 397 ; four
towers, T. XLIV. a—d, placed five miles to S.
line E. of Ying-p`an, struck N. of T. xLiv. a, disappearing to W. and E. in dunes, 398 ; agger formed of tamarisk faggots, 398 ; line for 45 miles crosses waterless waste, 399 ; absence of towers in this section, 399 ; line of, recovered N. of Chin-t`a, 406; traced in WSW. direction, 407 ; E. of T. xLVi. d constructed of brushwood, marked only by mound, 407 ; width marked by double line of white shbr, 407.
line traced W. of Mao-mei, 411; decay of agger due to drainage from hills, 411 ; crosses to right bank of Etsin-gol, 412 ; not traced beyond T. XLVIII. b, 508.
line traced near Pei-ta-ho W. of T. xis'. a, 523 ; agger constructed of coarse local stones, 523 ; proof that wall crossed the waterless desert W. to Ko-ta-chüan-tzü, 523.
watch-towers on Limes : T. xxrr. d—f, position of, on promontory commanding Khara-nôr, 345. T. xxii. d,
345 ; remains of quarters, 345 ; passage covered with ashes, stove (?), 345 ; finds at, 345, 415 ; dated Chinese documents, 345. T. xxrr. e, 346 ; commands view of Khara-nôr, 346 ; remains of quarters cut in ridge,
346 ; name of, Chih-chien, 346. T. xxrr. e, finds in, 346, 416. T. xxii.
f, 346 ; guardroom, 346 ; finds from, 346, 416. T. XXIII. a, commanding
road from Tun-huang, 347 ; finds at, 416. T. XXIII. b—g, situated on boggy ground, 347. T. XXIII. b, situated on eroded ridge, 348 ; finds from, 348, 416. T. XXIII. c, situated on high Mesa, 349 ; tower with foot-holes and hand-holes in wall, 349 ; finds at, 349, 35o, 417. T. XXIII. d, placed on top of high Mesa ; glazed pottery and porcelain prove later occupation, 350. T.
XXIII. e, advanced position with extended view, 35o. T. xxrrr. f, 35o; re-
mains of circular well, 351 ; finds among refuse, 351. T. XXIII. g, remains of tower and chamber, 351. T. xxiii. h, 351 ; guardroom entered from S., 351. T. XXIII. i—k, scanty remains of occupation, 351. T. XXIII. 1, 352 ; guardroom full of refuse, possibly used as clerk's office, 352 ; finds in, 352 ; wooden slips thrown away as refuse, 252. T. XXIII. m, n, much decayed, 352. T. XXIII. o, p, r, s, 353. T. XXIII. u, locally called Yen-chi-tut, not connected with Limes, 353 ; old place of refuge, 353.
T. xxxvrr. b, c, remains of, 366 ; finds at, 4x9. T. xxxvrr. f, débris of Han pottery, 367 ; peculiar construction of, 367 ; its relation to