A TIBETAN INSCRIPTION ON THE DARKÔT PASS
TRANSLATED AND ANNOTATED
A. H. FRANKE, PH.D.
(See above, i. pp. 45 sq. ; Fig. 46.)
Lirnidor is apparently the personal name of the erector of a Stûpa, and rMe-'or his clan-name or the name of his native place. In all ancient Tibetan names we find the clan-name, or the name of the locality from which a man comes, placed in front of the personal name. (See La-dvags-rgyal-rabs.) In many cases the clan-names are identical with the names of the locality from which certain people come.
The personal name Lirnidor does not appear to be of Tibetan origin. It may be Dard. The clan-name rMe-'or is distinctly Tibetan. It means something like ' Unclean mire ', and evidently refers to the locality from which either Lirnidor or his family (clan) proceeded.
All the letters of the inscription show the characteristic marks of Tibetan script of the 8th or 9th centuries ; see my article The Tibetan Alphabet ', Epigraptzia Indica, vol. xi, p. 271.
The om is extraordinary, as it is written in two characters, o and m, o above the m, the Anusvâra not being used.
The inscription belongs to a group which may be entitled ` records of erections of Stûpas'. Such inscriptions are found all over Ladakh, and several of them have been published by me. Most of them show the name of the erector in the instrumental case, followed by the word bzltehs-so, erected'. It is only the most ancient