XXXV, L. C. 03). The colours are well preserved and give an impression of refined beauty.
Outside the head end of the coffin the following articles were placed: the nicely turned wooden drinking cup, painted in red and black Pl. 27 : 6, a wooden f oodtray on four low legs, the skeleton of a sheep, and some Ephedra twigs.
The small cup is of the same type as STEIN'S Ying. III. 3.07 from Ying-p'an (Stein I928, Pl. CX), though more elegant. There are other features, too, recalling another of the Ying-p'an graves (Ying. III. 4) for instance the head-gear.
The food-tray is to be compared with those found in Mass-grave I. It is made of two boards. On the bottom there is a carved mark, and both sides show traces of having been used as cutting boards.
Both the type of cof fin and the rich silk garments of the deceased lady place this grave in the same class as Grave 6 A. Whether these two ladies belonged to the same race or not is, however, another question, but they had no doubt the same social standing.
As to the age of this grave we are hardly able to date it more precisely than within the known limits of the period of Chinese settlements in this region. Most likely this lady lived during one of the three first centuries of our era.
LIST OF ANTIQUITIES FROM GRAVE 35 (Single grave a)
35: I. Square piece of yellowish white silk 35:8. Large ragged piece of undyed hemp
felt. Was wound like a turban round ( ?) fabric in plain weave, full width
the head of the corpse. About 50X60 cm. about 43-44 cm. Worn. May have belonged to
35 : 2. Dress fragm. of yellow silk damask the same garment as —: 7.
with inserted strip of bluish-green35 9. Portion of a garment of hemp ?)
silk taffeta, 6 cm. wide, sewn on with undyed silk. fabric in plain g eave, two parts. The i
Damask with ground in plain weave, pattern in upper part consists of two pieces of blued fabric
twill with zig-zag lines with intervening double with brown gore in between; all fragmentary. The a
lozenges with angles outside two opposed corners. lower part attached to the upper part and con- Fragm. somewhat biased, with marks from stitches sisting of larger piece of undyed hemp( ?) fabric,
on two sides. Patched. W. about 39 cm. H. along partly with hem. Sewn with undyed silk or thread 1
blue strip about 47 cm. PI. 25 : I. of some other yellow material. a
35 : 3-5. Several fragm. of same material as 35 : Io. Three fragm., two large and one small, i
— : 2. of a garment of undyed hemp (?) a
35 : 6. Fragm. probably from the lower part fabric in plain weave, biased and forming a point. a
of the same garment as above, of Hem at two sides. The two larger pieces have
undyed silk rep, cut somewhat on the bias like been joined together. The smaller piece has been t
— : 2. Selvage. Hem in two places. Lining of un- torn away from the larger one. Hems of the same 1
dyed, slippery silk, in plain weave, ragged and big- kind as —: 9. Full width of the material about 47 1
ger than the outer fabric. cm. 1
35 : 7. Fragm. of back of hemp ( ?) fabric 35 : I I. Fragmentary panel of skirt or trousers
with shoulder seam on to small front of undyed hemp(?) fabric in plain
part. Belonging to this part a low, upstanding weave. Gathered at the top and somewhat biased h
collar. A small piece of the same fabric attached towards the upper part, seam with fragm. from
to the lower edge. Greatest L. 74 cm. the next panel attached. L. 90 cm.