brown hair were found; their age cannot differ very much from that of the Lop-nor graves (Tallgren 1937 b, Fig. 4).
The dress of this old lady is identical with that of the young man in Grave 5 A of "ORDEK'S necropolis", but of altogether higher quality. The coffin, on the other hand, is to be compared with those from graves 35, 6 A, 6 C, and, in a way, with 7 A. Dr. HEDIN opines that they are cut-off canoes of the ordinary Lopliq type still in use. I am not quite convinced of the correctness of this explanation, but the coffins were certainly made on the same principles as those applying to the construction of canoes.
Culturally this lady belonged to the same people as those buried in STEIN'S cemeteries L. F., L. Q., L. S. and L. T. and at "ORDEK'S necropolis", i. e. the indigenous population of the Lou-lan kingdom. As already remarked, the affinities with STEIN'S graves are closer than those with "ÖRDEK'S necropolis", a circumstance explained by the geographical sitution of the burial places, STEIN'S and Grave 36 forming a local group. On the other hand, it is more than likely that there also exists a chronological difference, "ÖRDEK'S necropolis" being somewhat older than the other indigenous graves around Lop-nor.
LIST OF ANTIQUITIES FROM GRAVE 36 (Single grave b)
36 : t. Pointed head-dress of light yellow, length of the garment with a fringe of warp at
rather thin felt. The back part has the lower end = end of the fabric, plain selvage at partly covered the neck and been gathered there the other end = beginning of the fabric, selvage with white thread now almost disappeared. Two with a cordlike edge along it.
lappets have met under the chin; they have partly The main part is tabby weave, the same yarn
a red edge stitching. On the left side two pegs are in warp and weft. The warp 5o, the weft 4o inserted, each about 3o cm. long, wound round with threads to io cm.
thin sinew fibres and, over that, red woollen yarn ; Borders of rep in yellow with edges of yellow
the tops have a rich feather tassel. Round the top and red checks, 5-7 mm. wide. Along the cordlike part of the head-dress seven woollen strings are edge there is such a border of warp rep, about
arranged horizontally, being threaded through the cm. wide. Across the mantle are two similar
felt in four places. Between these strings a split 5-5 7
edge, the other 4.5 cm. from the sely2.6 cm. wide, of weft rep, one 4.6 cm. from
ermine skin is fastened with light red woollen the frin
strings threaded through the felt. The head of the
ermine hangs down in front. Very good condition. age on the opposite short side. Yellow and red
wool firmly spun, th. about i.8 cm. In the warp
H. from lappet to top 32 cm. Pl. 26:3. rep border 75 threads to 5 cm., with a pair of
36:2. Inner cap of rather thin, dark-brown wefts in each border shoot. The weft rep border
felt, gathered together with brown has 22 threads to 2 cm., over two of the brown woollen thread at the neck. Lappets tied with warps, gathered together.
brown woollen cord under the chin. Finished all On both sides of the mantle at each junction
round with scallop stitch of brown wool. The right between the transverse and longitudinal borders is lappet is darned in two places. At the lower edge a braid about 6-7 mm. wide, made of yellow and of the lappets small ends of red woollen yarn are red wefts from the transverse border. L. of braids
inserted. H. 27 cm. Pl. 26:2. 5-6 cm.
36 : 3. Part of a mantle, right side, of fine The fringe is made of two warps twisted,
soft wool, dark brown with yellowish gathered in links, one by one fastened to the lower and red borders. The piece represents the complete edge of the fabric, three links twisted together