562 TIBETAN MANUSCRIPTS AND . INSCRIPTIONS [Appendix B
Mr. Francke contributes the following remarks on the text of the Endere MS.:—
V. 1, kye ma is not an exclamation of misery, as stated in Das's dictionary, but expresses something like " now listen ! " In the same sense it occurs in the Kesar-saga.
V. 6, rmyi lam ; it is interesting that in the Lower Ladâkhi pronunciation rnyi-lam or snyi-lam, the ancient y is preserved. Smyug rgyu, or perhaps dmyug rgyu, is stated by Tar-rfied Cos-op`el to be a well-known word meaning " phantom "3.
` V. 8, yul sa, he says, is used in the same sense as p`a yul.
V. 8, mi bur is also known to him as meaning " unreal ".
V. I I, lcags kyi bya Era, a name of the eagle, on account of his beak, which is like iron.
V. I2, sgoh bu is the Tibetan rendering of the Sanskrit 11113-I ; but sgoia skyes would have been better. The vowel has probably been forgotten. Brims pa is given by T`ar-rued Cos-op`el as go ", here soar ". ` V. 13, bin du seems to stand here for the ordinary la; odoia is a mistake for odod.
` Vv. 14-16. The terminations is re or to re (the t in the latter may be the last remnant of a drag 4) are ordinary Central Tibetan formations of the present tense with auxiliary, parallel to Ladâkhi formations like tahha mi dug.
V. 15, zin, for cdzin, is due to assimilation to bzuh, zum.
V. 17, zees is a development of rjes. Compare Ladakhi Grammar, Laws of Sound, No. 1, which in full
is thus :—s or r+c = sh; s or r+j = zh ; s or r = s; s or r + dz = z.
`V. Iq, gru is a way of writing grva "wisdom ", " knowledge ". In Khalatse the word rva " horn ", is pronounced ru as well as ra. Sdig mos T`ar-riïed Cos-op`el explains as meaning " many sins " ; but it may be simply "delight in sin ".'
Mr. Francke supplies the following translation :-
I. Now listen ! 2. The three realms—gods, men, and animals- 3. are like the town of the
Scent-eaters 6 ; 4. like that they exist and perish. 5. As they are perishing in this way, 6. they
are like an unreal dream, or like a phantom. 7. All power and fame are empty [conceptions]. 8. Suppress
[love for] wealth and home, like a misfortune I q. House and family are as unrealities. 1o. Those
who are wise live according to these [considerations]. II. They are like the eagle [with the] iron [beak],
12. the egg-born one, who soars about solitary peaks, 13. and experiences ninefold joys from clouds
and air. 14. Family and friends deceive us, so 15. that we are caught by the noose of rebirth,
16. so that we are trampled down as by mad elephants. 17. If you will not turn away from them and
follow me (Buddha), 18. there is no deliverance from the three ways of sine ,•' 19. there is no
knowledge to ford [the river of] sin. 20. Therefore it is right to perform the holy religion 7.