Chinese Niu-t'ou, 186 ; identified with the present Kohmâri hill, 185, 189 ; Hsiian-tsang's account, 185 sq., 235 ; Mazâr of Kohmâri, 187 ; sacred cave described, 187 sq. ; continuity of local worship, 189 ; extracts from the Gosrnga Vyakarana,
Gogrnga-vyakarana, on the first settlement of Khotan, 162 n., 584 sq.
Graeco-Buddhist art, survival of motives, in unglazed pottery from Togujai, III ; connexion with Khotan art, viii, z 18, 209, 500 ; similar motives found in Khotan art, 207, 221. See also Gandhâra. Great Vehicle', see Mahayana.
GRENARD, M. F., on legends of Muhammadan saints in Khotan, 121 ; account of Khotan, 123, 136, 140 n., I 41 ; and its industries, 134; on the population of Eastern Turkestan, 138 n., 147 ; on history of Turkish dynasty of Kashgar, 180 sq. ; identifies Hsüan-tsang's Hill of Gosrnga with Kohmari, 185 ; on find-place of Kharo;thi MS., 188 ; on etymology of Kohmâri, 190 ; identifies Yôtkan with the ancient capital of Khotan, ib., 199 ; on tomb of ' Keytous Maghrébt ', 229 n.; on legend of Imam Ja`far Sadiq, 313 ; on ruins near Charchan, 443 ; on legendary of Mahmùd Karam Kabuli, 449, 463 ; visit to Ak-sipil, 474.
Grhapati (Chi-li-ho-po-ti) Naga, 190.
GRIGGS, Mr. W., xiv.
grotesque figures, see terra-cotta. ground-level, changed by irrigation, see silt-deposits.
Guhyâl, see Wakhân.
Guhyâl, Little, in Hunza, 21.
guitar, see rabâb.
Gulakhma, oasis, 465, 468.
Güma, oasis, identified with Pi-shan, 97, 103 ; described, 99, zoo ; seal said to have been found near G., 103, I o9.
Gumbaz, of the ' King of Chin and Machin', Mauri-Tim Stnpa so named, 85.
Gupta characters, upright, see Brahmi. Guréz, ancient Daratpuri (?), 4. gypsum, see stucco.
Ha-shih-ha-rh, Chinese transcription of Kashgar, 48 n.
Haidar, Mirzâ, on Yarkand, 43 ; account of the city of Kâshgar, 73 n. ; on spoliation of ancient remains in Eastern Turkestan, 82, 226 ; on flight of Aba Bakr, 130 ; on tombs of ' martyrs' in Khotan, 14o n. ; on the rivers of the Turkestan desert, 449.
Halal-bagh, hamlets near Khotan, 227.
haloes, see nimbus.
Han dynasty, coins of, see wu-chu.
Han princess, legend of, at Chieh-p'ant`o, 34 sq.
Han-mi, 467. See Yü-mi.
Han-mo, town, visited by Sung Yün,
456; identified with PI-MO, 457. Han-p' an-to, capital of Sarikol, described
by Sung Yün, 29.
Han-t'o, 27. See Sarikol.
Hang-gu-jo, identified with Hanguya, 161, 471.
Hanguya Tati, identified with Hanggu-jo, 161, 471 ; route to, 470; antiques acquired, 47 I .
HART, Mr. H., xiv.
Hasa, hamlet, near Güma, 102.
Hasa, burial-ground near Moji, III sq.; bronze ornament found, 112, 115.
Hasa-Tam, débris-area, 79 ; dry riverbed near, 80.
Hasan Basri, Sultan, tomb of, 472. Hasan Boghra Khan (Abû'l-Hasan
Nasr ilik Qarâ Khan), ruler of
HEDIN, Dr. Sven, on the topography of Eastern Turkestan, x ; his ' ancient city Taklamakan ' identical with Dandan-Uiliq, 236 ; at Dandan-Uiliq, 243; on the old course of Keriya river, 286 sq. ; at Kara-dong, 444 sq. ; follows Keriya river route, 450; gives specimen of forged MS., 511.
hei-han, Chinese transcription of Khâkan (Khan), I 80.
Hephthalites (I-ta, Yeh-tas), or White Huns, in Tokharistan, 1 1 n., 14; in Eastern Turkestan, 58 ; their empire, ib. ; destroyed by the Western Turks, lb. ; possible influence of their domination on the language of the people of Karghalik, 9x ; in Chu-chü-po (Chu-chü-pan), 93 ; rule over Khotan, 171.
Heracles (?), in clay seal (N. ii. 2), 2 z o,
Hgen-to-shan (Hgehu.lo..fan) Vihâra, built by king Vijayavirya, z86, 581. Hgum-stir Vihara, 223.
' Hiarchan, the capital of Casoar', see Yarkand.
Hie-kan-k'ia-sseu, Uigur general, 536.
Hinayana or the ' Little Vehicle ', followed in Chieh-Van-Co (Sarikol), 33 ; in Wu-sha, 42 ; studied in Khotan, 56, 174 n. ; predominant in Kâshgar, 56, 69, 70 ; along the northern foot of the Hindukush, 57 ; followed in one monastery at Chia-pi-shih, ib.; studied in Huo (Kunduz), ib. n. ; followed in the monastery of Tamasasamgharama in the Panjab, ib. n.
Hindus, see India.
hinge (N. 0012. b), 415.
Hiu Che-sseu, see Hsü-Shih-ssü.
Hivan-ying, see Hsiian-ying.
Hiung-nu, defeated by the king of Khotan, 120.
Ho, girl's name, in Chinese document,
Ho Hin-yue, see Ho Hsin-yüeh.
Ho Hsin-yüeh, name of debtor, in
Chinese document, 276, 529 sq. Ho-lao-lo-chia, legend of, 455 ; told of
Ho-lu, a Kagan of the Western Turks,
Ho-lu, a Magian, yr.
Ho-p' an-f o, name of Sarikol in T'ang Annals, 27. See Sarikol.
Ho-thian, Manchu name of Khotan, 155. See Khotan.
Ho-tien, modern Chinese name of Khotan, 155. See Khotan.
HOERNLE, Dr. A. F. Rudolf, assistance rendered by, vi, xii ; ' Report on the
British Collection of Antiquities from
Central Asia', v, loo, 204, 521 sqq.;
on Sino-Kharotthi coins, 204 ; on
Khotan antiques, 207; on MSS. found
at Dandan-Uiliq, 145, 150, 257 sqq.
(Sec. iv and v passim), 295 sqq. ; on
inscribed wooden tablet (Rawak), 305, 306 ; on Brahmi MSS. from Endere, 425, 439 sq.
Högberg, Mr., Swedish missionary, visit to Ak-sipil, 474, 475 ; ' Codices Högberg', 511.
Homo Alpinus, see Lapouge.
horn spoon (N. xv. oo1. i), 374, 411. horse, terra-cotta (Yötkan), 2I I ; fresco (Dandan-Uiliq), 248.
Hou-kouo, see Hu-kuo.
Houei, see Lung Hui.
Houei-ho, see Huei-ho.
Houei-ta, see Hui-ta.
Houei-yun, see Hui-ytin.
Hsi-chü-pan (Si-kiu pan), name of Chu-
chti-po in the Pei shih, .91 n., 93. Hsi-ning period, coin of, 576, 579. Hsi-shan, name of Khotan capital in
the Tang Annals, 167 n.
Hsi-to, Si-to Oita or Yarkand or Zarafshan river), identified with the
Tash-kurghan or Tâghdumbash river, 27, 35, 42 ; called Mêng-chin by Sung-Yün, 29, 35.
Hsi-yeh (Si-ye), identified with Yul-arik, 91, 92.
Hsiyii-chi, 32, 98. See Hsüan-tsang. Hsin Li-ch`an, imperial envoy, men-
tioned in Chinese sgraffito, 432, 546. Hsiu-mo-pa, king of Khotan, 167.
Hsü Shih-ssü, name of lady, on Chinese document, 527.
Hsüan-tsang, Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, account of Po-lu-lo, 6 n. ; mentions
Shang-mi, 15 n. ; includes under Shang-mi the whole Chitral valley, 16 n. ; journey over the Pamirs, 2 7, 3o sq. ; route into Sarikol, 30 ;