Ispahbad, referred to in Judaeo-Persian document, 308, 570, 572 sq.
Issedon Serica, of Ptolemy, now Khotan,
Istämi (Dizabul or Silzibul), Khâkan of the Western Turks, 58.
Iusce, i.e. yu shih, yü stone ', the Chinese name of jade, 133 n.
ivory, carving (Kh. 008), 209, 222 ; die (N. xv. 004), 374, 411.
Jabgu, title of the sovereign chiefs of the Western Turks (Chinese Shih-hu), II, 13, 58 n.
Jacobite Christians, see Christianity.
jade (ChineseyÜ, Turki kâsh), found at Wu-sha, 42, 44 ; the jade trade in Turkestan, 5o n. ; jade found near Yarkand, 87 n.; at Tzû-ho, 92 n.; in Khotan, 732 sq. ; mentioned in Former Han Annals, 167 ; statue of Buddha, mentioned in Annals of the Liang Dynasty, 170; jade mentioned in the Liang Annals, ib. ; in the Pd shih, i7 I; in Tang Annals, t 72 ; seals engraved in jade, mentioned in Liang Annals, 173 ; mentioned by Hsüan-tsang, 174 ; jade girdle sent by king of Khotan to the Chinese emperor, 175 n. ; a Chinese official sent to Khotan to purchase jade articles for the •emperor, 177 ; account of jade in Khotan in Report of Chinese Mission, Posterior Han Dynasty, 179 ; jade sent to the Chinese emperor, 180 ; jade in the Kara-kâsh river, 187 ; at Yötkan, 191 ; at Chalma-kazan, 234; from Endere (E. oo6. f), 442; jade pits at Kumat, 472; from Ak-sipil, miniature battle-axe (A. 002. b), 482.
Jagalü Khalkhâlü of Machin, ruler of Khotan, 181.
Jamada, ancient site, 233.
jars, see terra-cotta, pottery.
J8-Ch`iang nomads, mentioned in Former Han Annals, 167.
Jên tsung, Chinese Emperor, coin found, 461.
jigda (olive), 131, 282, 337 ; as building material, 449.
Jigdalik-bulung, farm, 383, 418.
Jinagupta, Indian pilgrim, connects the name of Kashgar with the Khasas, 51 n.; mentions Yü-t`ien or Khotan, I 72.
Jitroghavarman, king, 367.
JOHNSON, W. H., visit to Khotan, 123 ; route from the Upper Kara-kash to Khotan, 129 n.; makes no mention of Yötkan, 193 n.
Jom lom, Upper province, mentioned in Tibetan sgraffito, 432, 569.
JOYCE, Mr. T. A., on the racial affinities of the Khotanese, xiii, 144, 145. Juan-juan, invade Khotan, 17o.
Judaeo-Persian document (D. ooI), 302, 306; published by Professor Margoliouth, 307 sq., 570 sqq. ; Mr. Cowley on the Hebrew writing, 307, 571 sq.
JULIEN, Stanislas, on the name Ni-jang, 311.
Jumbe-kum, or Jumbe-kalmak, desert site, 483, 502 sq., 5o6.
Jung-lu, small state east of Khotan, in Former Han Annals, 167; in Annals of the Three Kingdoms, 168.
Ka-sha, see Chia-sha.
K`a-shih, see Chia-shih.
Kacha, village, 227.
Kafiristan, identified with Shê-mi, 14 ;
original extent of, 15.
Kafir tribes, extent of, 15.
Kai, character in Chinese sgraffito, 428.
K`ai-yuan period, coins of, 234, 283,
Kakshal, ` Tati ' near, Io6 ; objects found, x09.
Kala, title, in Kharosthi document, 366. Kala-sulaghi, colony, 383.
Kalhana, author of the Rajalarai:gini, refers to the Dudakhut Pass, 2 ; account of the Dards of the Kisanganga Valley, 3 ; limited knowledge of the Dard valleys, 4, 51 n.; mentions the Khasas, 51 ; legend of the foundation of Srinagara, 159.
Kalta-qerin, grazing ground, 444.
Kan, garrison town, 176; identified with P'i-mo, 463 n., 522 n.
Kan-su, districts in, referred to in Chinese documents from Niya Site,
371, 537, 538.
K'ang-kiu, 545. See Soghd.
Kaniska, the founder of the Yüeh-chih dominion in Gandhara, receives Chinese hostages, 56, 57 n. ; coins of, found at Yötkan, 205, 575, 576.
Kanjur, Tibetan text from the, 426, 549 sqq. See Salistamba-sutra.
Kanjütis, slave-hunters, 24.
Kao-eh`ang, see Turfan.
Kao Chü-hui, his report on Chinese mission to Khotan, 179 ; on position of ancient capital of Khotan, 200.
Kao Hsien-chih, campaign against the Tibetans in Little Fo-10, 8, 63, 177; march across the Pamirs, 8 ; capture of Lien-yün, 9 ; invasion of Yasin, ib. ; fame of his expedition, to ; expedition into Chieh-shih, I I ; defeated by the Arabs, ib., 63.
Kao-tsung, Chinese emperor, relations with the king of Khotan, 175.
Kapagan Kagan, chief of the Northern Turks, 62.
Kapisa, see Chia-pi-shih.
Kaptar-Khana, ` the Pigeon House,' near Mann -Tim, 85.
Kaptar-Mazar,' the Pigeons' Sanctuary,'
popular name of Kum-rabâl-Padshahim, q. v.
Kara-chilan, grazing ground, 453. Kara-döbe, ` the Black Mound,' Tati, remains from, 515.
Kara-dong, ` the Black Hillocks,' situation, 444; called Ak-tiken by Turdi, 445; route to, 445 sq.; excavation of ruined quadrangle, 446 sqq.; ohjects found, 447, 451 sq.; ancient cereals, 448 ; period of abandonment,
Kara-kash, ` [the river of] Black Jade,' 124 ; origin of the name, 132 ; identified with ` the upper bank of the river' U-then, 162 ; formerly called Gomati, 169, 186; silt deposited by, 196 sq. See also Yangi-Darya.
Kara-kash, town of Khotan, 137, 268, 522 n., 514.
Kara-Khitai, rule over Eastern Turkestan, 183 ; occupy Khotan, 463. Kara-kir, Darya, 453, 468.
Kara-kir Langar, oasis, 459, 468. Kara-kul Mazar (` the Mazar of the
Black Lake'), tor.
Kara-öchke-öltürgan (' where the black
goat sat '), shepherd station, 420.
Kara-sai, canton of Khotan, 131 n. sq.
Kara-shahr ( Yen-ch`i ), king of,
taken prisoner by the Chinese, 59 ; included among the 'Four Garrisons', 6o ; visited by Wu-kung, 64, 536 in Later Han Period, 168 ; pays tribute to the Emperor Wu ti, 537 ; under the Tsin dynasty, 542 sqq.
kara-su, ` black water ' (spring flood),
94, 126, 445.
Kara Targaz, for Karatagh-aghzi, I o t n. Karachar, see Kara-shahr.
Karakir-Ïim (` the mound of the black
ridge'), ruined mound, 116 sq. Karanghu-tagh, valley, x29 ; mentioned
by Mirza Haidar, 130.
Karatagh-agbzi, I O I.
Karatäghiz, for Karatägh-aghzi, To I n.
Karghalik (Chê-chit-chia, Chu-chii-po or Chu-chit pan, Hsi-chit pan, Tzû-ho), Chinese names of, 27, 28, 88, 89 ; oasis of K. described, 89 ; Hsüantsang's account of Chê-chti-chia, 89 sq. ; his itinerary from Kashgar to Chê-chü-chia, 89 n.; the Brahmi script used in Chê-chü-chia, 90 ; varying accounts of the spoken language given by Chinese pilgrims, 90, 92 ; political relations, 93 ; road from K. to Khotan, 94, 95 ; its antiquity, 97 ; described in the Tang Annals, 97 sq. ; by Hsüan-tsang, 98.
karmadana, see wei-na.
Kashgar (Kashghar, Kashkar, Qashgar; the Chinese Ch`ia-sha, Ch`s-sha, Chieh-ch'a, Sha-lé, Shu-lé or Su-/e"; the Tibetan . 'u-lig), occupied by the Tibetans, 5 ; Chinese and Muham-