Sec. i] HANGUYA TATI AND THE SITE OF TAM-ÖGHIL 473
available for not more than Ili months in each year and in limited quantity. Apart from the direct profit yielded by the washing of the soil, they also gain additional ground easily capable of irrigation from the existing canals. At the same time the fertile humus of the culture-stratum is used by the villagers as a kind of manure to improve gravelly fields lying further north b.
It is probable that these subsidiary profits are here a special inducement for the work ; for the amount of leaf-gold washed out of the paying seam was declared to be less than at Yötkan, and the secondary products of antiques and occasional small finds of value are also, judging from general report, proportionately far rarer. However this may be, I succeeded, in spite of diligent inquiries both at the site and previously at Yurung-kash, in obtaining only a few specimens of antiques. The single coin obtained from a Tam-öghil villager was a small Chinese copper piece without legend, while among the other four purchased at Yurung-kâsh two are copper coins of the Yüan-fêng period (1078-85 A. D.). The latter would prove that this site, like Yötkan, was occupied for at least a century after the Muhammadan conquest. The only other antiques secured are two small terra-cotta grotesques, T. oo1. a, b, representing monkeys, and corresponding in type and execution exactly to the similar figurines from Yötkan. Of the character of the settlement which once occupied the site marked by this layer of ancient rubbish accumulations, and of its extent southwards, nothing definite can be asserted.
Leaf-gold and antiques washed from culture-strata.