1 Cf. Chavannes, T`oung pao, 19o5, p. 534, note 3; also Richthofen, China, i. pp. 529 sq. Pei Chü's central route led through Turfan, Kara-shahr, Kucha, and, no doubt, reached the first place, as the modern Chinese high road does, via Hâmi. His southern route followed the line Shanshan, Yü-t'ien (Khotan), etc. The routes mentioned by Pei Chit are the same which, as seen from the Tang Annals, were in use after the reconquest of Eastern Turkestan as
long as Chinese control lasted.
2 Cf. above, p. 408. To the two documents of A.D. 312 and 33o there must be added a third, of A. n. 31o, in Dr. 1-iedin's collection ; see Herr Himly's paper in Hedin, Central Asia and Tibet, ii. P. 144.
' See i--lerr Himly's paper, ibid.
' For a synopsis of the coins found at Lou-Ian in 1906, see below, Appendix B.