by his native agents, and which he handed over to me early in 1898, there was one which showed a rock surface curiously cut up by natural cross lines, recalling the threads of some woven fabric. There were traces of some Kharosthi characters also. Some place in the Upper Swat Valley was vaguely indicated as the provenance. The publication of the estampage was prevented by the death of Professor Bühler for whom it was reserved, and subsequently by the doubts which (justly enough) arose about the genuineness of the many ' inscriptions in unknown characters ' supplied to Colonel Deane by the less scrupulous of his agents.
23 See Legge, Fd-hien, pp. 3o sq.; Watters, Yuan Chwang,
i. p. 234; Julien, Memoires, i. p. 137.
24 See my Archaeological tour with the Bunir Field Force, pp. 26, 62-2, and below, p. 16 with note. (Also Indian
Antiquary, 2899, pp. 22, 6o.)
25 For references see below, p. 16.
26 It is noteworthy that as far as Su-ho-to Fa-hsien's narrative shows none of those errors in bearings and distances which from the next territory, Gandhara, onwards often perplex the student of ancient Indian geography.
27 See Ancient Khotan, i. pp. 28 sqq.
28 For this portion of the pilgrims' route cf. below, pp. Go sqq.
29 See Chavannes, Voyage de Song Fun, pp. 27 sqq.
so See Ancient Khotan, pp. 24 sq. ; for the hill state of Chieh-shih (also appearing with a slight graphic variation under the name of Chieh-shuaz), cf. Chavannes, Turcs occid., pp. 258 sq., 214 sq. ; for its identity with Chitral see also below, p. 3o.