stations of the ancient Tun-huang Limes, while entirely differing from that of the brooms found at Dandan-oilik and the Niya Sites.
As an appropriate pendant a small refuse-heap, too, had survived near the south-west side of Relics from the shrine and about two or three feet below the level of the foundation beam. Besides a refuse-heap. fragmentary Chinese slip and a small torn Chinese record on paper, L.B. II. 2, 3 (Doc. Nos. 893, 939), there were found here numerous rags of fabrics in silk, wool, and cotton, L.B. II. 0018-19, and a piece of stout cotton canvas which had served as a backing for some stucco relievo, L.B. II. 0020.
To the south-east of the shrine the ground was quite clear of débris and eroded down to about Traces of
nine feet below the original surface level. That this area had been once an open court is made courosed
probable by the foundation beam, fully sixty feet long and made up of two jointed pieces of about
equal length, which was found extending over eroded soil just outside the line in continuation of the
south-east wall of L.B. I and at about fifty feet distance from L.B. it (see Plate 27). This beam
showed numerous holes for small posts, but as there was no other débris near, it seems probable
that it had only carried the paling of a court. The other remains traceable in the immediate
vicinity of L.B. I-III were short stretches of rush fences found about a hundred yards to the
south-west and probably once belonging to some enclosure. They obviously owed their survival to
the fact that they lay in the direction of the prevailing wind.
The destructive effect of wind-erosion in this particular area of the site was strikingly Eroded
demonstrated by a small tower-like mound of sun-dried bricks rising over deeply scoured ground, mtü ad.
about one-third of a mile to the east-south-east of L.B. I-Itr. This ruin, seen in Fig. 105, was all
that erosion had left of what certainly was once a Stûpa. It measured about twenty-six feet from
east to west and about eighteen feet across at its broadest. The extant height of the masonry above
the original ground level, as shown by the tamarisk fascines of the foundation, was only ten feet.
The level of this foundation is marked in the photograph approximately by the head of the man,
Mullah, standing in front. The sun-dried bricks measured twenty by ten inches, with an average
thickness of about three and a half inches. On all faces the masonry was broken, and no structural
outlines could anywhere be made out. The bottom of the depression scooped out immediately to
the south of the ruin, as seen in the photograph, lay fully twenty-four feet below the original ground
level indicated by the foundation fascines.