Ilami, 1150 ; type of original inhabitant of Pamirs and Taklamakan Desert, 1361.
hone-stone, slate, fr., 444. See also
hoopoe, figures of : on lead ornament, I 16 ; on stone seal, i24 ; terra-cotta, 108 sq., 112, 114, 122.
HOPKINS, Mr. L. C. : help given by, xxi ; on meaning of term chit, xxiii ; on various Chinese inscriptions, 124, 248, 26o, 697, 78o, 786-8.
Hor, name in Tibetan does., 1462. Horiuji temple : Persian design imitated
in textile from, 907, 910 ; MS.
horn objects : bar of, 482 ; disc, 431 ; combs, see s. v. ; cone-shaped piece, [ 295 ; cup, see s.v. ; flat curved piece, 481 ; irregular strip, 484 ; knife-handle, 1256 ; seal, see seals ; spoons, see s. v. ; truncated hollow horn, 196 ; oval trough-shaped (? inkstand), 225, 256, 267.
hornet, figure of, on bone disc, 120. horse-buckwheat, mentioned in Tibetan does., 1465.
horse-gear, represented in frescoes, 518,
1174; in paintings, 1040, 1083, &c. horsehair gauze, woven frs. found : (Lou-
Ian) 384, 438 sq. ; (Nliran) 466, 480. horse-headed demon,'in paintings, 994 sq.,
horsemen : figures of, on painted panel, 165, I So ; mail-clad, in wall-painting,
horses : in Chieh-shih, 31 ; mentioned in Limes doc., 690 ; numbers, in Chinese army, in Han times, 728; of mounted soldiers on Tun-huang Limes, 751, 756 ; posts and rope for tethering horses, 661 ; local instinct of, 1098 n. 12, 1 146 ; can go some days without water, 1146 n.20; Hsüantsang's horse from Kua-chou, 1097, I 146 ; Amdo breed mentioned in Tibetan doc., 1465; use of, for sacrifices(?), ib.
figures of : on bronze appliqué orn., 116 ; on frescoes, 178, 518, 520 sq., 934, 1165, 1174 ; on painted panels, 175, 18o ; in drawings, 210, 976, 979, &c. ; in paintings, 892, 967, 996, 1032, 1040, 1083, &c.; on seal, 1313 ; on seal impressions, 1243 (?), 1257 ; stucco relief frs., 1193, 1195, 1211 sq.; terra-cotta, 99, I03, 108 sq., I I 0, 113, 1x5, 125 ; Mongol type of, on printed silk, 911 ; as emblem for World of Animals, in paintings, 1077, 1087 ; leg and hoof of, on carved chair fr., 403, 448 ; winged, on terra-cotta frs., 108-33, passim, 1247, 1257; sketch of horse and camel, 1338. See also Kanthaka, ponies, Saplaralna.
horseshoe, iron, fr. (Tun-huang), 767. horseshoe orn., see designs.
horse-skulls, as votive offerings, 1303. horse's tooth, fr., 63o.
hou, title or surname (?) of officer, in
Chinese doc., xxiii, 689, 690 n. 6. hou, designation of watch-tower, 749,
hou - chang, ' commandant of watchtower ', 749, 75o.
Hou Han shu, see Han Annals, Later. hou-kuan, military subdivision of Limes,
hou746 hzhz, assistant hou-chang (q. v.), 750. Houri '-like type, female face of, in
fresco, 5 r 9.
Hsi-an-fu (Ch`ang-an), Han capital, 333, 622.
Hsi-chou (Yar-khoto, q. v.), 1177. Hsi-ho (' Western River '), tract named
in Chinese doc., 1290; location of,
hsi-hou (*yap-hou), see jabgu.
Hsi-hsia (Tangut), tribe, 817 ; rule over Tun-huang by, 82o, 838.
Hsi-hsia (Tangutan) script : on stèlé, 800; not found in Ch'ien-fo-tung MSS., 820, 827 sq. ; prints in, from N. grottoes (Ch'ien-fo-tung), 828.
Hsi=l:=chih, wells, 293.
Hsi-ning, route to, from Kan-chou, 131. Hsi-p'u, locality near Tun-huang, mentioned in wooden doc., 598.
Hsi-wan Ho, stream, I I 36 n. 2.
Hsi yeh : in Han and T'ang Annals, 85, 86, 87 ; also called Lu-sha, 86 ; identification of, ib.
Hsi-yo, ruins at, 1134.
Hsi yu chz, fanciful Chinese novel, v5 n. 18; legends of Hsüan-tsang in, 805 n. 3.
Hsi yü chi (` Memoirs of the Western Countries '), see Hsüan-tsang.
Hsi yil shui lao chi, treatise, on Lop tract, 564 n. 16.
Hsi yii wen kian lu, treatise, on Lop tract, 564 n. 14.
Hsi-yüan, small oasis near Nan-hu, 625.
Hsia-ssii, mod. name for division of Ch'ien-fo-tung cave-temples, 822. Hsia-Yen-chia, see Yen-chia.
Hsiang-fu, see Chinese coins.
Hsiang-p'u, village, 1133.
Hsiao Chi ien-fo-tung, cave-shrines of, 1108 ; position wrongly shown in map, r io8 n. 1 ; mural paintings of, 1109. See also Chien-fo-tung.
Hsiao ch'ilan chih :; see Chinese coins.
Hsiao fang p`an, mod. local name for ruined fort T. xiv, 683 n. 2a ; also applied to ruined fort near Shih-erh-tun, 1137 n.3.
Hsiao-shih, town (in Tang Annals), 1299 ; location of, ib.
Hsiao-wan, village near An-hsi, 584,
1091 ; remains of Han wall and towers near, 727, 1139.
Iisiao-yüan, territory, in Han Annals, 219, 33o ; in Wei lio, 296, 328, 418 ; location of, 296.
Hsien, king of So-ch'ê (Yarkand) : rise and defeat of, 83 ; threatens Shanshan, 33o.
Hsien-fêng, see Chinese coins.
Hsien-nnizg, military company, ' of Yümên' and ' of Kuan-chi', 659 sq., 67o, 68o, 747 n. 27, 761 ; location, 659 sq., 67o, 680.
Hsien-ti, Emperor, clipped coins in reign
of, 385. See also Chinese coins. Hsien-wei, military company of Limes,
mentioned on wooden label, 596. hsin, Wang Mang's name for his dynasty,
Hsin-ch'êng (` the new city'), 306, 1331. See Vash-shahri.
Hsin-ch'êng, in Tang itinerary, located at Kara-shahr, 1178.
Hsin-ch'êng-lzû, village near Su-chou,
Hsin T'ang shu, see T'ang shu.
Hsing-hsing-hsia, wells of, [ 143 ; boundary between Kan-su and Hsin-chiang near, ib. ; temple at, ib. n. 5.
Hsiu-mi (Wakhan), in Han Annals, 45, 6o. See also Hu-mi.
Hsiung-nu (Huns) : their subjugation of So-ch'ê (Yarkand) and Khotan, 83; of Shan-shan, 33o, 336; defeat by Pan Ch`ao, 330 ; subsequent predominance, 331 sqq. ; Pan Yung's operations against them, 332 sq. ; driven from Kan-su, 336, 723 sq.; raids on Lou-lan route, 337 sqq., 407, 412 ; defeated by Ho Ch'ü-ping, 724 ; Limes extended against them, 724 sq . submission to Chinese rule in ist cent. s.c., 730, 1237 ; revolt against China in Wang Mang's time, 732 ; inroads into four commands of Ho-hsi, 695 ; cause abandonment of Westernmost Limes, 695 ; attacks on Tun-huang and I-Io-hsi, 731 ; at Hanii, 1149; threatened invasions by, from Karashahr valley, 1227.
Hsü P'u-yti, Chinese administrator, opens ` new route of the north ', 705.
Hsüan-ho, see Chinese coins.
Hsüan-tsang, Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, author of Hsi yit chi: popularly known as rang-sing, 8o5 ; Wang Tao-shih's admiration for, 805, 8i2 sq. ; his ' instinct of the compass ', 1146 ; legends relating to : embodied in apocryphal Hsi yu chi, 805 n. 3 ; on wall-paintings, 8o5 sq., 934.
his account of Udyana, I4 sqq.; on Stûpa construction, 38; on Shang-mi, 43 sqq. ; description of and names for Wakhan, 61-3 ; on Hun-to-lo, old capital of Wakhan, 63 sq. ; reference