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0030 Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1
Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1 / Page 30 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000189
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`Rehilla The', a debris area thickly covered with potsherds just like a Turkistan tati. The strata of debris from 6 to 10 feet thick, which are exposed in the steep ravines furrowing the bank towards the river bed, proved clearly that the width of the site must have been greatly reduced by erosion. The plentiful pottery found here resembled that of Govindwâ.l in fabric and decorative style, a rich red wash being often used in bands, as in G.P. 1, 17 (Pl. I) . The fore part of a vigorously modelled figurine of a yak-like animal is seen in the fragment G.P. 3. The general decorative style of all this ware is one which from my experience elsewhere in the Panjab may safely be attributed to medieval and later times. Neither here nor at the other sites examined along the Beds did I find pottery decorated with those neatly impressed patterns which my explorations along the Indian North-West Frontier have allowed me definitely to associate with the Buddhist period from the early centuries of our era onwards.

Exactly corresponding observations were made at a the situated beyond the large village of Mari Panwan about two miles north of SrIgobindpur. Here, too, the area marking former occupation, and now measuring about 165 yards from north to south, has been greatly reduced by erosion. This has cut the ground into narrow tongues with sides falling off steeply towards the riverine flat. Apart from red pottery closely resembling that of Govindwal there was found here a fine-textured mouse-grey ware. The decorated pieces, of which M.P. 27, 30, 32, 50, 56, Pl. I, are specimens, show usually fine-lined incised patterns or else are cast in moulds. M.P. 3 appears to be the fire-bowl of a huqqa. Some figurines, like M.P. 2, of a dog or sheep, have been coated with a white slip. Copper coins brought from the village seemed to belong to issues of local governors of the Mughal dynasty. A low debris mound known as `Rasta', about 2 miles to the west, is likely to have been occupied down to the same late period as suggested by the pottery fragments like Ratta. 4-6 ( Pl. I) .

When, on November 16th, we proceeded up the well-marked old river bank, where it curves away westwards to some distance from the present main bed, we found a similar late date of occupation indicated by the remains of some deserted riverine sites. Thus near the townlet of Kahnuwan there is to be found a line of they skirting the old river bank and extending southward for upwards of a mile. All along it potsherds with coarsely painted black patterns on red ground, of the type already described, also with moulded, cut, and incised decorations (Kah. 30, 31, w. 1, Pl. I) could be picked up in plenty. Fragments of glazed ware found with them (Kah. i 7) date unmistakably from Muhammadan times. Some silver coins brought from this ground proved to belong to issues of Muhammadan rulers of northern India, bearing dates in the first half of the sixteenth century.