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0128 Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1
Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1 / Page 128 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000189
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measuring some 300 yards from north to south and some 100 yards across, is strewn with plentiful fragments of glazed pottery, relief-decorated ware, and glass bangles. Apart from two small pieces of porcelain, apparently Chinese, the specimens of glazed ware frequently show floral scrolls incised in a light slip under a brilliant glaze of varying shades of green, blue, and yellow (see Kumb. A. 1, 2; Pl. IV) . The ware belongs certainly to medieval times, and shows close resemblance to a type of glazed pottery collected on my third Central-Asian journey near Sarbisha above the Sistân basin, and found also in British Makràn. Mr. R. L. Hobson ascribes this to Persian manufacture of the ninth to tenth century.' Some features of the technique suggest to Mr. Andrews imitation of Chinese celadon. The glass bangles show great variety of colouring and are often decorated with `jewels' in relief on a raised keel (see Kumb. A. 52, 54; Pl. X) . No structural remains whatever could be traced.

At a second and smaller debris area to which we were conducted about 3 miles away to the south-west, the same type of glazed pottery fragments was found, besides plenty of decorated glass bangles, small glass beads as seen in the specimens Kumb. B. 25-9 (Pl. X) , and relief-ornamented unglazed pottery. The fragment of a moulded glass vessel, decorated with a raised ogee scheme, Kumb. B. 18 (Pl. X) , deserves notice.

On the morning of January 19th a march of some 9 miles to the west, skirting the foot of rocky spurs which descend northward from a bold hill chain, brought us to the mouth of the Giti valley. Owing to subterraneous drainage indicated by the presence of a few wells this valley holds a certain amount of scrubby jungle. Where it debouches north-eastwards there rises a precipitous ridge of sandstone. This forms the extremity of a hill chain trending in an approximately west to east direction. On the top the ridge bears the ruins of a remarkable hill stronghold as shown in Plan 8. It is known by the name of Qalât-iJamshid, the `Castle of Jamshid', the first of the legendary kings of ancient Îrân. At the northern edge of the fortified summit unscalable wall-like cliffs fall sheer down to a wide torrent bed, as seen in the photograph, Fig. 27. The crest rises above the level of this bed from 252 feet at the eastern, to 393 feet at the western end. From the south the ascent to the crest leads over a succession of tilted terraces separated by undercut ledges of calcareous sandstone.

The top of the ridge is divided into two unequal parts by a narrow dip near the eastern end. This dip or ravine is closed for a stretch of about 100 feet by a wall built with sun-dried bricks, 10 inches square and 3 inches thick, and rising at its eastern end to 17 feet in height. Beyond the gap the top of the ridge

1 Cf. Mr. Hobson's `Notes on Ceramic Speci- also Tour in Gedrosia, p. 131. See also his note mens' in Appendix D, Innermost Asia, ii. p. 1015; in Appendix A below.