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0237 Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1
Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1 / Page 237 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000189
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ravines due to erosion, it stretches for about 240 yards from east to west, has a maximum width of some 200 yards, and rises to a height of 34 feet at its western extremity. The slopes to the north have in places been dug into for manuring earth. Plentiful potsherds could be picked up on the surface of the mound, and among them a considerable number of fragments showing painted decoration of unmistakably chalcolithic type (for specimens see Pl. xxv) . In both plain and painted ware the body varies in colour between red, cream, and grey, the latter being generally of finer clay. The patterns are mostly painted in black or brown on the body itself, as is always the case on the pieces of fine grey clay (Nur. 2, 8, 57, 72) . But in some fragments the design is applied over a cream slip (Nur. 1, 28) . This slip appears also in a few pieces with polychrome decoration in light red and dark brown (Nur. 35, 67) . Brown and black bands without the use of slip are seen combined in 32, 40, 71.

The decorative motifs used are all geometrical. They comprise zigzags and hachured triangles arranged in rows (1, 38, 41, .53), herring-bone (8, 23 ), or upright set in panels (28) . Of interest is the appearance of Sigmas in a row (37, 47) and of the `fringed fan' pattern (31) as known from Khurâb and other Balûchistan sites, here, too, used on the inside surface. All the pottery seems wheel-made. The few flint blades or scrapers found confirm prehistoric occupation, as does also the negative evidence furnished by the total absence of glazed ware. By its position the mound of Nûrâbad serves to bridge as it were the great gap between the sites of prehistoric settlement traced in Rûdbar and the nearest of those since examined by me to the west in Fars. Hence I must specially regret that neither the limitations of work imposed nor the time to be spared would allow of a proper investigation of the mound.

Report received of other old remains induced me to proceed from here farther up the Bulûk tract. The tappa near the zicirat of Mahadabâd, reached after covering 3 miles over bare ground crossed by ganäts, proved a natural terrace of clay occupied by decayed Muhammadan tombs. Bulûk, a fortified hamlet with a mill and large garden, 2 miles beyond to the east-south-east, was next visited. To the north of the walled garden a stretch of slightly raised ground, measuring about 350 by 260 yards, was found strewn with fragments of burnt bricks, broken pottery, and rubble from decayed walls. Plentiful fragments of glazed ware, mostly in varied tints of green and blue, together with small pieces of relievo-decorated pottery, produced from moulds and closely resembling that found at the site of medieval Jiruft, attested occupation in Muhammadan times. The place must have been of some importance as it apparently gave its name to the whole tract, or else was thus called from being once its chief place. Another 3 miles to the south-west took us across gravel dasht and some