National Institute of Informatics - Digital Silk Road Project
|Przhevalskii, Nikolai Mikhailovich|
|Russia / Smolensk|
|Russian zoologist and explorer. Born into a family of Cossack nobility in the vicinity of Smolensk, Russia. Przhevalskii joined the army in 1855, entered the army university in 1860, and taught geography at an officers' school in Warsaw from 1864 to 1866. In 1867, he was appointed to the army staff and sent to Irkutsk. Subsequently, he set about exploring the mountainous area around the Ussuri River and published his findings in 1869. From November 1870 to September 1873, he crossed the Gobi Desert with only three subordinates, reached Beijing, and from there went southwest to explore the Ordos, Alashan, and upper reaches of the Yangtse River before entering Tibet and arriving at the banks of the Dri Chu (Jinsha Jiang). This first expedition to Central Asia earned him numerous honors. Through his four expeditions, he brought back to Imperial Russia some 20,000 specimens of fauna and 60,000 specimens of flora.|
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