National Institute of Informatics - Digital Silk Road Project
|Oldenburg, Sergei Fedorovich|
|Oriental Studies ; Indology ; Buddhist Studies|
|Russian orientalist and scholar of Buddhism. Because his father was a brigadier in the Cossack army, Oldenburg lived in Germany, Switzerland and France before the age of 10. After 1883, he lived in Warsaw, which at that time was in Russian territory. In 1881, he entered the Oriental languages department at St. Petersburg University, and specialized in Sanskrit and Persian. He also learnt Arabic, Iranian, Chinese and Tibetan from the leading scholars of the day. From 1887, he studies for two years in Britain and France where he got to know the famous Sanskrit scholar Sylvain Levi. From 1889, he became a visiting lecturer at his alma mater St. Petersburg University. In 1900, he became a member of the Russian Academy of Science. He went on to serve as permanent secretary, and acting minister of education before becoming director of the Soviet Science Academy's Institute of Oriental Studies in 1930. In addition to organizing a society dedicated to the publication of the great texts of Mahayana Buddhism, the ‘Bibliotheca Buddhica,’ he also formed a Russian Turkistan exhibition team, and led expeditions from 1909-10 and 1914-15.|
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