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0109 Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1
Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1 / Page 109 (Color Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000189
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A. Among the former may be specially mentioned fragments showing rosette borders above floral scrolls, rows of circlets and naturalistically treated leaves ( B.B. 10, 18, 20, 22, 42; Pl. II) . Bands of small shells in relief distinctly recall a method of ornamentation to be found also at the great Dabar-kôt mound in Northern Balûchistan.10

Several terra-cotta fragments include grotesque animals, portions of grotesque elephants' heads, and a grotesque mask, perhaps from a vase (B.B. 3, 4, 8; Pl. II) . Among moulds are found those of an enthroned female deity and of a decorated jar (B.B. 34) . The painted ware (see B.B. 35, 36; Pl. I I) shows here, too, mostly designs in black over red or pink bands; they include naturalistic patterns of leaves and creepers as well as trellis and chequers, such as seen on the `early historic' pottery above referred to." The extent of these two mounds and the presence of several small ones in the immediate vicinity, as shown by the sketch plan, make it certain that a considerable settlement must have occupied the Bahûr site from early times down towards the close of the Hindu period. Curiously enough, the site was said to be visited by many Hindus a day or two after the annual Muhammadan pilgrimage to Panjpir.

A long drive on the following day, combined with walks where the roads along the irrigation canal banks had to be left, enabled us to visit a series of mounds mainly to the south-east of Sahiwâl. The first near the village of Sikandri, about 2 miles in a straight line from Sahiwâl, is very conspicuous, rising to a maximum height of 32 feet above a debris-strewn area which measures some 270 by 170 yards. The painted and moulded potsherds (Sik. 2, 22; Pl. II) showed close resemblance to those of the Bahûr site. Some fragmentary bricks of burnt clay had three parallel incised lines on one face, evidently the mark of a brick-layer. A miniature brick, only if inches long, probably meant for a toy, curiously enough exhibited the same mark.

On proceeding via Firûka to the vicinity of the village of MacharkhâdI, some 7 miles distant, we found there a line of considerable mounds echeloned in a line from north-east to south-west at intervals of about half a mile. Their heights varied from 18 to 25 feet, and their lengths from about 200 to 250 yards. Here, too, the incised-ornamented and painted pottery fragments ( see M.K. 12; Fir. 4; Pl. II) closely resembled in types the Bahûr ware. On the top of the northernmost mound, where much of the mud-brick walls of dwellings had been exposed by digging for manuring earth, it was possible in the light of the setting sun to recognize layers of sun-dried bricks uniformly measuring 13 x 8i x 3 inches.

Finally near the village of Kukrâni there was visited an extensive debris area which, including flat ground, stretches for some 520 yards from north to south.

io See /oc. cit., Pl. XIV, D. 20; D.E. 2.   11 Cf. loc. cit., Pl. II, Ch. D. 9, 13, &c.