EXPLORATIONS IN PERSIAN MAKRAN
SECTION I-BURIAL SITES OF DAMBA-KÔH AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD
I N the forenoon of January 4th, 1932, we landed at Gwadur, the westernmost
of the small ports on that portion of the ancient coast of the Ikhth opha of
P p Y g
which falls within the limits of British Makran. In the course of my Makran tour of 1927-8 I had already visited Gwâdur and examined whatever old remains in that neighbourhood could be traced.' Attention had been called to them first in a paper by Major E. Mockler published half a century before;2 but two of the sites there noticed, and those of evident interest, had remained beyond my reach as they were on the Persian side of the frontier and in a tract which at the time was disturbed and practically independent. Conditions there had fortunately changed since the Persian Government had meanwhile succeeded in establishing effective control over most of Persian Balûchistan. Thus it had become possible for me to choose Gwâdur as a suitable starting-point whence to resume and extend my labours bearing on the ancient remains of Gedrosia.
Gwâdur town and a strip of territory extending in an arc to about 10 miles from the coast form an enclave within British Makran, belonging since the last quarter of the eighteenth century to the Sultans of Masqat. But the arrangements which Colonel Brett, Resident in the Kalât State, had kindly made at my telegraphic request, rendered it possible for me to be met punctually on arrival there by an escort of camel riders from the Makran Levy Corps, and an adequate supply of camel transport for the move inland. So we were able to leave that far from inviting little port with its very meagre resources on the following morning for Suntsar, the nearest post of the Makran Levy Corps. From there final arrangements for our move into Persian territory were to be made. The two marches which brought us to Suntsar on the Dasht river, all over desert ground, led along the same route which I had followed in January 1928 in the reverse direction. Like Gwâdur, it has been described by me before .3
Before crossing the Dasht river-bed, practically dry at the time, I was able to revisit the important prehistoric site of Sutkagén-dôr on the left bank of
1 See Archaeological Tour in Gedrosia, pp. 71 sqq. 3 Cf. Archaeological Tour in Gedrosia, p. 72.
2 Cf. J.R.A.S., 1877, pp. 122 sqq.