the felt near the edge, forming a group; their 5: 163-168. Six different strings or cords, partly
plumes are worn away. Below the pegs are rem- with knots. —: 166 of wool and plant-
nant stitches of a cord. At the lower edge a fibres, the rest of wool.
chin-cord is fastened with three stitches, the cord 5:169. Piece of dark green chert (or jade)
being made of the same wool as the felt. H. about with two surfaces polished.
28 cm. Pl. 10:9.
5:170. Bunch of sinew-fibres tightly bound
5: 158. Semicircular head-dress of dark grey- together with light red, light green
ish-brown felt with two red 4-ply and beige wool. L. 10.5 cm.
strings round it. Small fragm. of a weasel skin
fastened with red wool, inserted in the felt and 5 171. Bunch of Ephedra twigs, grass and
wound round the skin. Remaining stitches at op- feathers, bound together with coarse
posite parts of lower edge from chin-cords. Short twisted strings of one red and one dark-brown string of same wool inserted at the middle of the thread. L. 17 cm. Cf. 5 D: 13-14.
rear edge and knotted. H. about 24 cm. Pl. 1o: 7. 5: 172. Thin bunch of stiff grass bound to-
5 : 159. Pointed head-dress of dark brown felt gether with dark brown strings. L. 38
with elaborate cord ornamentation in cm. Pl. 9: 13.
dark red wool. A remaining feather peg is wound 5 : 173. Small bunch of stiff grass joined to a
round with red wool all over. The top open, similar smaller bunch, both bound
damaged. The lower part has been finished with together with grass or vegetable fibre. L. 16 cm.
scallop stitching in dark-purple yarn. The chin-cord 5 : 174. Long black feather, wound round with
has been made of similar yarn. H. about 27 cm. yellow wool. Broken in two. Original
Pl. 1o:3. L. about 5o cm.
5:16o. Small pointed head-dress of dark- 5:17J-178. Fragm. of four pegs and feathers
brown felt with elaborate string orna- bound together with wool.
mentation of red, 3-ply wool. Remnants of split 5:179. Cord composed of brownish purple
weasel skin fastened with red woollen yarn in-
serted in the felt and knotted round the skin. The wool, fine and even, the core consisting
head-dress has one peg which has carried a plume. of five threads, torn off at the ends, and tightly The lower edge is fragmentary and finished with wound round with untwisted yarn. Probably handle scallop stitching in red. At the lower edge three of basket or suchlike. Compl. L. 13.5 cm.
rows of stitches for the chin-cord, which is miss- 5: 180. Cord composed of nine greyish hemp
ing. H. about 28 cm. Pl. 1o: 1. (?) strings of different length, torn at
5:161. Head-dress of dark-brown felt with the ends, the longest about 51 cm. Towards the
elaborate string ornamentation of middle tightly wound with brownish red wool. light reddish-yellow wool. Remnants of a split Probably the handle of a basket.
weasel skin fastened with the same kind of strings. 5: 181. Woollen cord consisting of five
The lower edge finished with thin scallop stitching strands, of which four arc pale rose-
of similar yellow wool. H. about 24 cm. Pl. 1o: 4. coloured and two brown. In two places the cord
5:162. Piece of dark-brown felt used as bask- is wound with dark brown wool. Compl. L. 45 cm.
et lid (Diam. about to cm.) fastened Th. 7-9 mm.
with brown woollen string, wound three times 5: 182. Two ends of coarse, dark-brown wool,
round the lid. of goat's hair? Th. 3-5.
G. WATCH-TOWER AT THE SMALL RIVER.1
ORDEK also mentioned a burial place situated about 30 li to the east of Cemetery 5. We never made any attempt to find it, as we could not venture too far into the sand desert away from the water with our poor beasts of burden in such a swelteringly hot season.
1 The description of this watch-tower ought to have been included in the chapter about the ruins, but as the ancient remains along The Small River have been treated in the order in which they were discovered I have found it convenient to retain it here.