16 Regarding the system of forced carriage of loads, included in modern Kashmir under the general term of begiir, cf. the passages discussed in my notes on Râjat.
v. 172-4 ; viii. 2509-13. It is interesting to note that the last-named passage specially refers to the forced carriage employed for military transport on an expedition directed to the Kishangangd valley about Shardi in A. D. 1144. For other references, including one by Albérani, see my note, Riajat. II. p. 361, note 5o.
17 The road from Childs Fort to Gilgit via Banji, now made practicable for camel transport, is reckoned at 89 miles, while the distance up the Kinar-gdh Nullah and across the Kinijut and Khomar passes is estimated at 6o miles.
For the route leading up the Indus see Northern Trans-frontier map Sheet 3 NE.; Mason, Routes in Western Himalaya, pp. 86 sq.
1 See Rajat. II. pp. 36o sqq. ; also Memoir on the ancient geography of Kaintir, pp. 21 sqq.
2 See Albéricni's India, trans]. by Sachau, i. p. 207.
3 Cf. my notes, Rdjat. i. 312-16; II. p. 431, for the numerous passages of Kalhana's chronicle where the tribes occupying the mountain tracts to the north of Kashmir are referred to by the Skr. name of Darad or Diirada ; also for references to ancient notices of the same ethnic designation in that region.
That Albèrdni uses here the term ` Turk ' in the same vague way as when he speaks elsewhere e.g. of the ` Turks of Tibet ', meaning the undoubtedly Tibetan population adjoining Kashmir on the east, has been pointed out by me in Rajat. II. p. 363, note 64.
4 See Rajat. II. pp. 359 sq.