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0169 Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1
Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1 / Page 169 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000189
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Sec. ii]   UP THE BAMPUR RIVER   117

The large fragment of a vase, erroneously marked Dmn. B. 122, stands apart, inasmuch as it retains what looks like part of a loop handle and is painted with a kind of lace pattern known to me only from Diz Parôm in Makrân.5 The band of `pearls' round the neck corresponds to the small ovals found below the rim of the Parôm dishes. It seems probable that this piece belongs to a later deposit. On the other hand, there can be no doubt that the large jar, Kat. 019 (Pls. VI, XXXII ) , worked in a very hard, dark-grey clay and incised outside with an elaborate geometric pattern, which was brought by a villager as a find from this cemetery, belongs to the same period as the painted ware. This is proved by the parts of exactly similar vessels found associated with the chalcolithic painted ware in a deep stratum at Bampûr and also at Khurâb.s Dr. H. Frankfort has been kind enough to call my attention to the close resemblance shown by part of the incised design to the representation of a dwelling of wattle and plaster, with door and window, seen in the incised decoration of a steatite vessel from the early stratum of Susa.7 A similar design is found also on incised fragments of identical material from Bampûr (A. 161, Pl. VI; 365, Pl. VIII) .

The character of the ceramic remains of Katukân and the position of the terrace on which they were found, away from water and arable ground, suggest the possibility that the site disclosed by the grave-digging of recent times is that of a prehistoric burial-ground. I must therefore regret that the difficulty created by the sanctity of the place and its continued use as a Muhammadan burial-ground, together with practical considerations due to my programme, obliged me reluctantly to abstain from trial excavations. It only remains to be mentioned that the uniform gravel surface of the plateau showed no indication of any structural remains.

Our onward march towards Aptàr took us across a succession of wide torrent-beds all descending from the hill range to the east which forms the watershed towards Magas and the Mashkel basin of Khârân. On a low hill spur crossed before reaching the wide valley in which Aptar lies I noted the scanty ruins of a small fort known as Nâsirâbâd and of no great age. Below it could be traced a stretch of former cultivation which had received water from a gandt now abandoned. At Aptâr, too, which was reached thence after crossing numerous dry channels of the Kunâru Kaur, all cultivation at present is carried on by irrigation from ganâts.

No old remains were to be found within or close to the palm-girt oasis counting about 200 huts besides a ruinous fort and a few more substantial dwellings. But on proceeding thence eastward up the valley I noticed at distances

5 See Tour in Gedrosia, p. 48 sq.; Pl. III, D.P. 1, 2.   7 See Contenau, Manuel d'archéologie orientale,

6 Cf. above, pp. 108 sq.; also Khur. F. i. 263 i. p. 270, Fig. 169.

(Pl. VI).