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0297 Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1
Archaeological Reconnaissances in North-Western India and South-Eastern Īrān : vol.1 / Page 297 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000189
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north-west, local support for `Ali Khan's cause was to be expected also on the part of the settled population.

From `Abbas Khan's information it became clear that no safe passage could be assured for us by the direct route leading to Lar through the valleys of `Alamary-dasht and Khunj. It was hence considered necessary to prepare for a move down from Galehdar via Warawi to Ishkanan, whence Lâr could be reached through tracts farther away from the disturbed area to the north-west and hence less likely to be affected by the trouble. Transport and needful protection for that move had to be sought from the influential Khan of Warawi, reported to be well-disposed, and while awaiting his reply and the completion of the arrangements required, I could profitably use the welcome opportunity offered for surveying reported old sites about Galehdar.

Starting accordingly on the morning of January 23rd with a couple of men from our escort and more of `Abbas Khan's armed retainers, I first proceeded to visit the remains indicated on the northern side of the valley. Passing for a mile between fields intermittently cultivated with water from springs and now covered with narcissus in bloom, we reached the low mounds of Kashkuk showing much decayed remains of structures built with unhewn stones, as well as tomb-stones with Kufic inscriptions. Numerous fragments of blue and green glazed ware with relief ornamentation closely resembling that found at Siraf (Kash. 16; Pl. XXVI), together with pieces of porcelain ( Kash. 7; Pl. XXVI), indicated medieval occupation. Proceeding north-eastwards to the large village of Asir at the foot of the Zalimi hill chain, I found it adjoined on the east by low debris mounds stretching for about 800 yards from south-west to north-east with an average width of some 250 yards. Amidst them rises a much-damaged domed structure, obviously a Muhammadan tomb. Glazed green ware of the Siraf type was to be picked up in plenty, also fragments of Chinese porcelain. Of Persian decorated pottery the fragment Asir. 22 (Pl. XXVI) imitates Chinese design, while others show remains of lustre. Judging from some indications, including the absence of ribbed ware, occupation of the site down to late Muhammadan times appeared likely. But here, as also at Fal, to be described farther on, the extent of the debris area suggested that the site had been one of importance chiefly at the period when the great trade route to Siraf had passed that way. The comparative abundance of the resources offered by the Galehdar tract, both as regards food supplies and grazing, must in fact have favoured the development and use of this old trade route.

The wide view obtained from the sloping ground of Asir across the broad flat bottom of the valley showed clearly the great extent of potentially fertile land available here for cultivation, and the verdant look of the plain suggested