FRIAR ODORIC. 129
wonder at; so that there is no need for that lord to go from home when he wisheth for sport. Also within the walls are thickets full of sundry sorts of wild animals ; so that he can follow the chase when he chooses without ever quitting the domain.'
Ducange, or, I believe, any Italian dictionary. It occurs also in some of the MSS. of Marco Polo describing the Khan's falconry as Cesini, where others have Cycni, and where Baldello Boni considers it a copyist's error for that word. I do not believe it to be so, for I find Cecini also coupled with grove or cranes, in a list of poultry and game, etc., in the book of' Giovanni da Uzzano on Merchandize. (Della Decima, iv, 63.) It is, therefore, almost certainly a word which should be recognised, though most likely it means swans, and so I have rendered it. Indeed the old French Polo just edited by Pauthier has sesnes (p. 310).
I In this account of the palace we have an instance of true particulars occurring only in the Minor Ramusian version, e. g. the double enceinte. This is mentioned by Polo, and is found in the existing palace, which appears to preserve many of the features of that of the Mongols, though the latter was burnt about thirty years after their fall. Indeed the arrangement of royal enclosures in all the Indo-Chinese countries, including Burma and Java, appears to follow the same traditional rules, probably derived originally from India. The palace at Amarapura, with its square form, its successive enclosures, its masonry basement eight or nine feet from the ground, its hall of gold and vermilion, etc., quite corresponded on a smaller scale with this description.
The existing Tartar city at Pekin officially termed Nei-chhing or "Inner-Town," encloses a second called Hoang-chhing or " Imperial (yellow ?) Town," which, no doubt, represents the outer palace of Odoric's day, and that includes a third called Fseu-kin-chhing, or " Red City," which is the actual residence.
The Green Mount, to which Kublai, anticipating the experiments of zealous planters in our day, caused remarkable trees of every bulk to be transferred with the earth attaching to their roots, still stands conspicuous within the palace walls of Pekin. " Your eye rests with pleasure upon this round wood-covered hill, rising picturesquely from the middle of the glittering roofs and umbrageous trees within the palace walls." (Swinhoe, North China Campaign, p. 353.) It is called by the Chinese King-Shan, Court Mountain," Wan-Su-Shan, " Ten thousand years Mount," or Me -Shan, "Coal Hill," the last from the material of which it is traditionally said to be composed, as a reserve store in case of siege. It rises 160 feet above the natural soil, and on it the last Ming Emperor met a miserable end. The lake also (called Thai-i-chi) still exists as a swampy hollow ; and the " beautiful bridge " is there in decay. (Polo, i, 10; Expect. de Chine par P. Varin, 1862; Davis, ii, 75; Timkowski,
ii, 154 ; Swinhoe, u.s. ; Pauthier, Chine Moderne, p. 19.)