INTRODUCTORY NOTICES. 183
The fourth letter in the present section, written in 1326, is from the pen of ANDREW OF PERUGIA, Bishop of Zaiton, the last survivor of the six bishops sent out twenty years before by Pope Clement. Like the first two letters it is derived by Wadding from the chronicle which he ascribed to Odoric, now preserved in the Imperial Library at Paris.' The impression which the letter gives of Bishop Andrew is not quite a favourable one, and it is plain that he did not pull well with Archbishop John. I have elsewhere suggested the possibility that this bishop might have been that Andrew the Frank who came to Pope Benedict in 1338 as the head of the Great Khan's embassy.2 Even an aged man might have been tempted to revisit the Latin world before he died, and Andrew need not have been a very aged man in 1338.
We hear of but one successor to Andrew as Bishop of Zaiton, and of him only his death. Under 1362 Wadding records that " Friar James of Florence, Archbishop of Zaiton, and Friar William the Campanian, two Minorites, were slain as Christian confessors in the empire of the 1Vledes."3
from the Sultan of Egypt (as a bribe not to stop the Nile ; see note on Marignolli, infra). I may add that Friar Burchard the Dominican, nearly a century before Jordanus, knows Ethiopia as including Nubia (see above, p. 168).
It is very probable that the application of the name of India to a part of Africa connected itself with geographical notions alluded to by the Reviewer, of which there are indications in Ptolemy and Marcianus of Heraclea, and more plainly in Edrisi, and according to which Africa ran far to the East, and so as to meet, or nearly to meet, the coast of S. E. Asia. Even in Fra Mauro's map the African coast trends considerably eastward from the Red Sea (see cut in 111arignolli, infra). But I believe the India Minor, India Major, and India Tertia of Jordanus will be found to answer pretty closely to the SIND, HIND, and ZINJ of' the Arabs, and that these names are the origin of' the three Indias.
1 Wadding, vii, p. 53. There is an Andrew of Perugia mentioned by Quétif as writing against the Emperor Lewis in 1330. But even if he were not a Dominican (which Quétif is not sure of) it is most improbable that this should have been our Andrew come back from the East. (Quet. and Echard, p. 567.)
2 See introduction to Marignolli.
3 See this expression (Empire of the Jiiedes) explained in a note on the seventh letter below.