The figures for stature give similar results. The Darwazi, Wanji, and Karategin are the three shortest peoples measured. The Shughnani and Wakhi are both taller than the Roshani. The Ishkashmi, it is true, are,
unexpectedly, shorter than the Yazgulami, who are themselves slightly shorter than the Roshani. The position of the Ishkashmi alone disturbs the otherwise perfect correspondence which the figures for stature show with those for face- and nose-measurements.
Cephalic index, again, shows similar results. The Wakhi, Ishkashmi, and Shughnani are more brachycephalic than the Roshani ; the Darwazi, Wanji, Karategin, and Yazgulami are more dolichocephalic.
If the EA which relate the various members of each group one to the other be examined, it wiil be seen that the Karategin, Wanji, Darwazi, and Yazgulami are interrelated by EO which never reach 5.00. The same is true of the Shughnani, Wakhi, and Ishkashmi. This is a pretty certain indication of the comparative homogeneity of each group.
On the other hand, omitting for the moment the Karategin, the ED expressing the relationship between any one member of one group with any one member of another never falls as low as 7.00, and frequently rises to over 9.00. Moreover, in no case does the EA fail to contain a A amounting to i.00 or over.
The Karategin alone show a EA which brings them into relationship with the other group, viz. with the Shignani. The figure 5.31 is rather high, but it contains no A of i•oo or over (though the A for facial-breadth reaches 0.91), but their other EA relate them far more closely with the Wanji, Darwazi, and Yazgulami.
It would appear, therefore, that we have on each side of the Roshani two groups of interrelated peoples distinguished by the following characteristics (the terms are, of course, used relatively) :
I. To the north and north-west, the Yazgulami, Wanji, Darwazi, and Karategin ; relatively dolichocephalic, narrow-nosed, euryprosopic, and short-statured.
2. To the south and south-east, the Shughnani, Ishkashmi, and Wakhi ; relatively brachycephalic, long-nosed, leptoprosopic, and tall-statured.
Now if the affinities of the Özbeg, so far as they are displayed in terns of E0, be examined, it will be seen that the people standing nearest to them are the Wanji (index 5.42), followed by the Yazgulami (5.61), Roshani (6.01), Karategin (6.17), Darwazi (7.83), and Shughnani (8•oo). The Özbeg are taller than any of the WanjiYazgulami-Karategin-Darwazi group, and more brachycephalic ; in fact, as regards the Darwazi, the difference in head-breadth and index is marked. But the principal features which differentiate the Özbeg from the ShughnaniIshkashmi-Wakhi group are their greater euryprosopism and their shorter noses.
It is clear from the figures that the Özbeg stand comparatively close to the former group, but are strongly differentiated from the latter. Further, that the respects in which they differ most are face- and nose-dimensions. The Özbeg, in fact, exhibit in the extreme that combination of breadth of face and narrowness of nose which is one of the chief points of difference between the north-western group and the south-eastern. The inference is that the Homo Alpinus type characteristic of the Pamirs has, towards the north and west, undergone modification owing to contact with that branch of the Mongolo-Turki family of which the Özbeg are members.
The Tajik next call for consideration, and it is extremely interesting to note that they stand equally closely related to the Shughnani on the one hand and to the Kirghiz on the other. Their affinities, expressed in terms of E0, as follows :