pation, 753 ; ruined circumvallation, 753 ; date of circumvallation, 754 ; ruin of shrine, 754 ; compared with temple M. ii at Mirdn, 755 ; ancient graves, 755 ; peculiarity of burial customs, 757 ; suggested explanation and dating of graves, 757 ; comparison of burials of L.C., 228 ; identified with Li Tao-yüan's Chu-pin, 762, 765, 766 ; junction of ` route of the centre ' with transverse route to south, 765 ; on the road between Lop and Turfan, 765 ; cultivation possible owing to floods of Shindi R., 765 ; Chinese coins from, 751, 753, 994.
Ying-p`an-Korla route, see Korla.
Yo. = Yötkan, list of antiques said to have been brought from Yötkan site, lox sqq.
Yoghan-kum, possibly remnant of ancient hill range, 89.
Yoghan-terek, village, 562. Yoghan-tura, ` the big tower ', 652. Yögurs, Shera and Sarö, nomad tribes,
521 ; Turkish origin of, 521 n. 5. Yötkan, ancient Khotan capital, an-
tiques from, 98, ioi.
Yu marshes, mentioned by Li Tao-yuan, also called P`u-ch`ang lake, Yen-tsê, 293, 762 ; once fed by ancient terminal beds of Kuruk-darya, 294.
Yii-lai, capital of ` Posterior King of Chü-shih ', 558.
Yü-lin, military post, 8or.
Yü mên, military agricultural colony of, in Limes documents, 408.
Yü-mên kuan, the ` Jade Gate ', starting-point of ` route of the centre ', 308 ; also of ` new route of the north ', 310.
Yü-ni, identified with MirAn, z7z. Yü-shu, military post of Tang times, located in Korla oasis, 8oz.
Yü-t`ou Chou, in Tang itinerary, located near Tumshuk, 840.
kung- ch`iian, brackish spring, 508.
Yüeh ya-ch`üan, the ` Crescent Spring', lakelet and sounding sands of, 356 ; an ancient place of pilgrimage, 356.
Yul. = Yulduz-bagh, objects from, 823.
Yulduz-bagh, canton of Shahyar, ruined remains, 822 ; finds from, 823.
YULE, Sir Henry, on Yüeh-ya-ch`üan, 356 ; on location of Etzina, 456 ; on ancient silk trade route, 848 ; on Marco Polo, 859.
Yurung-lash river, ruins E. of, 94. Yüsüf Salchi, settler of Singer, 722. Yut. = Yutôgh, objects from, 611 n. 4.
Yutôgh, hamlet of : Mazar, 610 ; pre-Muhammadan cemetery, 610 ; rough
quarters near, 611 ; ruined Buddhist shrine, 611 ; cave-shrines, 655 ; wall decoration at, 652.
Zah. = Zâhidân.
Zâhidân, ruined town in Sistân, 933 ; absence of ribbed pottery, 934 ; pottery from, 934, 938.
ZAMPO1N, M., Russian customs officer, meeting with, at Pôr-döbe, 845.
Zamr-i-atish-parast, ruined fortress, Wakhan, 866 sq. ; construction of walls, 867 ; inner circumvallation and towers, 867 ; citadel of fortress, 868 ; compared with Kiz-kurghân, 870 ; with Qala-i-Qa`ga, 872 ; Ghala-köh, 903.
Zangibar, ruined fort, 864, 865.
Zankan-jilga, stream, supplies ` Faryad's canal ', 54.
Zarenumati, river of Sistân named in Avesta, 924, 925 n. ii.
Zébak, see Ishkashm.
Ziârats : Poguch, 30 ;_ Baba-ghundi, 51 ; ca
Kara-sh, 64 ; Astin-Artush, 68 ; Toghrak-mazar, ioo ; Khandüt, 866; Inif, 866 n. i2 ; Namadgut, 876 ; Kohi-Khwâja, 922 ; Bibi-döst, 936 ; Shaftulluk, 563 ; sites of, chosen for graveyards, S9. See also Mazars, Muhammadan shrines.
Zigda-kaya, brackish spring, 508. Zoroastrian worship, traces of, in Wakhan, 869 ; in Sistân, 928 sqq.
Zrayô Kaçaoya, lake of Sistan, in Avesta. 907.
Zulkhomar, fort near Yamchin, 869.