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0028 Cathay and the Way Thither : vol.1
Cathay and the Way Thither : vol.1 / Page 28 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000042
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the character andecircum

characteristics have nearly all foundation

stances of the Chinese. The Seric iron which Pliny lauds.

  1. Sole record of direct political intercourse with the Seres in Roman


  1. We are not to look for accuracy in the ancient views of such

remote regions. Real vagueness of Ptolemy's data. Confusions that were

f   natural.

  1. Curious analogy in the views and mistakes of Chinese and Romans

i   with respect to each other.

  1. Association of the name Seres with silk. Etymologies. Long pre-

valence of error as to the nature of silk. Yet some had exceptional know-

1   ledge; account given by Pausanias. Fluctuation of geographical know-

ledge in ancient times ; and paralleled among the Arabs.

  1. Chinese notices of the ancient silk trade with Europe. Consistent with the circumstances related by Byzantine writers in reference to the

introduction of the silkworm. The country indicated in that narrative


  1. Curious links between Greek and Chinese history in the fragments

of Greek writers touching the Turkish tribes of Central Asia. Two remarkable notices of China itself in Greek authors of the sixth and seventh


  1. The first of these, Cosmas : some account of him and his book.

  2. His correct view of the position of China.

  3. The name which he gives it. Knows the general position of the clove country.

  4. The other Greek writer, Theophylactus Simocatta : his notice of China under the name of Taugas.

  5. Extract from Theophylactus with notes showing application to China.

  1. Remarks on the passage ; name probably indicated in Taugas.

  2. Geographical darkness of the later Byzantines exemplified in Chalcondylas's mention of China.


  1. First historical relations of the Chinese with Western Asia. The

expedition of Changkian (B.c. 135), Chinese authority established over Eastern Turkestan, and recognized west of the Bolor.

29. Decay and revival of the Chinese domination in first century A.D.

Conquests of Panchao. An officer despatched to reconnoitre Tathsin or the Roman empire.

  1. Notices of Tathsin in Chinese geographical works of the early centuries of the Christian era. Meaning of the name.

  2. Particulars from those notices of Tathsin.

  3. In the later notices the title is changed for Fulin ; Greek origin

of this name. Things ascribed by China to Europe which Europe has ascribed to China.

  1. Some of the more accurate particulars which shew some basis of real information in the notices of Tathsin.