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0269 Cathay and the Way Thither : vol.1
Cathay and the Way Thither : vol.1 / Page 269 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000042
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Pp. 443-444. I find that memory misled me here as to Lee's interpretations. He appears (by writing Goa for Kawé or Kâwa) to identify the latter name with the modern Goa, not with Gogo, and he attempts no identification of Kuka.

I may add to the remarks on Sandabur that the place is mentioned by Mas'udi, thus : " Crocodiles abound in the ajwan or bays formed by the Indian Sea, such as the Bay of SANDABURA in the Indian kingdom of B3 ghrah." I cannot discover what .Baghrah represents (Prairies d' Or, i, 207).

P. 452. Eli or Hili. We have perhaps another trace of this city in the Elima of the Ravenna Geographer, which he puts in juxtaposition with Nilcinna (Berlin ed., 1860, p. 42).

P. 458. Mr. Thomas in one of his pamphlets referred to above (Coins of the Patan Sultans, etc., p. 137) gives the maund of that day as consisting of forty sirs of twenty-four tolas each. Taking these tolas even at the present rate of 180 grains (and they were probably less, see Initial Coinage of Bengal, p. 10) this would give the maund of that day as equivalent only to 24.680 lbs. instead of 28.8 as deduced from the data quoted at p. 458.

With regard to Bengal cheapness I may add that Hamilton, writing of the end of the seventeenth century, says that an acquaintance of his bought at Sundiva (an island near Chittagong) 580 lbs. of rice for a rupee, eight geese for the same money, and sixty good tame poultry for the same (New Account of the East Indies, ed. 1744, ii, 23).

P. 459 Note 2. Bengal divided into Laknaoti Sunarçanw and Chatganw. The last, as appears from a quotation by Mr. Thomas

nominal ratio of 10 to 1. Mahomed on coming to the throne finds that in consequence of the great influx of gold the relative value of that metal has fallen greatly, say to something like 7 to 1, which as a local result where great treasure in gold had suddenly poured in, is, I suppose, conceivable. He issues a coinage which shall apply to this new ratio, and yet preserve the relation of the pieces as 10 to 1. This accounts for his 200 gr. gold and 140 gr. silver pieces. Some years later, after the disastrous result of his copper tokens, the value of gold has risen, and he reverts to the old gold standard of 175 grs., leaving (as far ' as I can gather) the silver piece at its reduced weight. At the exchange of ten silver pieces for one of gold this now represents a relative value of 8 to 1. Bengal, meanwhile, has not shared in the plunder of the south, and there the old relations remain, nominally at least, unaffected. This is a mere speculation, and probably an airy one. Indeed, I find that Mr. Thomas is disposed to think that the object of Mahomed Tughlak's innovations was to ensure a double system of exchange rates, reviving the ancient local weight of 80 Ratis (140 grs.), and respecting the Hindu ideal of division by 4, with which was to be associated the Mahomedan preference for decimals.

'.Thus the 64 gani silver piece of 175 gr. was reduced to a 50 gani piece of 140 gr., 10 of which went to the current 175 gr. gold Tangah, while the new 200 gr. gold Dinar was intended to exchange against sixteen 50 gani pieces.