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0039 Cathay and the Way Thither : vol.1
Cathay and the Way Thither : vol.1 / Page 39 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000042
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converts from them, 225 ; martyrdom of four brethren in India ; salutation ; and account of the bishops who died on their way out.

No. v. Letter of Friar Jordanus the Dominican (1321). Martyrdom of his friends, 226; baptisms at Parocco (Baroch), and elsewhere in Gujarat ; places recommended for missions in India, 227 ; Ethiopia also open.

No. VI. A second letter from F. Jordanus (1324). His sad condition and sufferings, 228; baptisms, 229; mission to Ethiopia ; high fame of the Latins in India and prophecies of their coming, 230 ; the Pope should have a squadron on the Indian Sea.

No. vII. Letter from Pascal of Vittoria, a Missionary Franciscan in Tartary (1338). His proceedings since leaving the convent at Vittoria, 231; Assisi, Venice, Constantinople ; Gazaria (Crimea) ; Tana (Azov) ; Sarray ; studies the Cumanian language and Uigur writing, 232 ; martyrdom of F. Stephen shortly before; embarks on the Tygris (Wolga), and goes to Sarachik, 234; thence by land to Urganth (Urghanj) ; again travels to the empire of the Medes (Middle Tartary) ; detention among the Mahomedans, 235 ; discussions with them, and victory, 236 ; they try to bribe him and then abuse and torment him ; arrival at Armalec (Almalik) ; his many sufferings from the Saracens, 237 ; his zeal.

No. vIII. The Book of the Estate of the Great Caan, set forth by the Archbishop of Soltania (circa 1330).—The Great Caan of Cathay, 238 ; his three vassals that are great emperors ; their power, and that of their suzerain. Cathay, its extent, 239; great cities, Cambalec and Cassay ; strict respect to the Caan's commands ; yearly exhibition of the Caan to his people; his justice and mercy; folk who have never mercy ; his great munificence, 240 ; his distributions of food to the poor ; his vast wealth and treasuries; his couriers and posts ; entertainment of foreign ambassadors, 241. (2.) Concerning the Sovereign Bishop, who is the Pope of the Empire of Cathay.—Called the Great Trutius, 241; highly honoured by the Emperor ; his red hat and clothing, 242 ; his supremacy over all the pagan prelates, monks, and clergy ; abbeys of the idolaters, both men and women; their four gods, and the great God over all. (3.) Concerning the state and condition of the realm of Cathay.—Populousness, 243 ; meadows and great waters ; floating houses, and aquatic population ; fleshmeat dear, but other food plentiful; no oil-olive or wine of the vine; valuable trees that grow in Persia, 244. (4.) On the ordering of the two cities of Cambalec and Cassay.—Their great compass, population, and garrisons; also the great trade of Cassay, 245. (5.) Concerning the money

which is current in the said realm.—Money of paper; described; valuable wares to be purchased; how new paper is given for old at the king's

treasuries, 246. (6.) Concerning the manner of life of the people of the countryTheir rich clothing, and fashions of dress, 246 ; dishes made of plaited canes; food. (7.) Of the manner in which they do bury their dead.

—Register of every birth, 247 ; disposal of the dead by burning ; why they burn bodies ; and what they do in commemoration. (8.) Concerning

the Minor Friars who sojourn in that country.—Archbishop John Montecorvino, and the convents he established in Cambalec and Zayton ; his excellent character and favour with all men, 248 ; thwarted by Nestorians ;