CCXlV PRELIMINARY ESSAY.
Malascorti (for Malasjird) in the Catalan Map, suggests that the title given to the Assassins' country may have been in some way confounded
with that name.
P. 156, Note 2; Musical Sounds from Sand in Motion. To the examples of this noted here and at p. 398, I may add at least two more, making six in all. One is communicated by my friend Mr. C. R. Markham, who says :—"The musical sounds caused by moving sand, which astonished Odoric, are heard also in the deserts of the west coast of Peru. Mrs. Markham and I heard them when we halted amidst the medanos or hills of light sand in the Arequipa Desert." Another case was discovered by the late Hugh Miller in the Island of Eigg (see Cruise of the Betsy, quoted in Petermann's .Jfittheilungen, 1858, p. 405). See also Mr. Bollaert's notice of the Bramador or Rumbling Mountain of Tarapaca, which appears to be an instance distinct from Mr. Markham's (J.R.G.S., xxi, 104).
P. 179, Note ; Metropolitan Sees of the Nestorian Church, The lists, as given by the original authors in Assemani's second volume (pp. 458-9) differ somewhat from these. I take the opportunity of presenting them here with some more precise geographical explanations.
The earlier list as given by Elias Metropolitan of Damascus (A.D. 893), is as follows :-
1. Province of the Patriarch (resident at Baghdad) ; 2. Jandisapizr ; 3. Nisibis ; 4. Mosul ; 5. Bethgarma; 6. Damascus ; 7. Rai ; 8. Herat ; 9. Armenia ; 10. Kand (supposed Samarkand); 11. Fars ; 12. Barda'a ; 13. Halw6n.
The later list as given by Amru, who wrote about 1349, runs thus :-
JANDISABUR [or Jandish6pür, a city of Khuzistan built by Sapor I; identified by Rawlinson with the traces of a great city at Shâhâbad between Dizfûl and Shuster (J.R.G.S., ix, 72)].
Mosul, and ATHUR [or Nineveh].
ARBIL and HAZAH [Chazene and part of Adiabene; see p. 53].
BAJARMA, i.e., Beth-Garma [in the region of Ptolemy's Garamcei, north of Baghdad. The see is also called Iiarkha and Beth-Seleucia; and Assemani identifies it with " the ancient Seleucia Elymaidis adjoining the river Hedyphon or Hedypnus" ; but here he goes strangely astray, some four hundred miles indeed. Rawlinson points out the true site as that called now Eski Baghdad, a little east of the Tigris, and below Dûr (J.R.G.S., x, 93-94). It was apparently the Charcha mentioned by Ammianus Marcellinus in the retreat of Jovian after Julian's death (Ritter, x, 157; Am. Marc., xxv, 6).]
HALWAN [called also, according to Assem., Halacha, and believed to be the Calah of Gen. x, 11, and the Halal?, of the Captivity ; eight