National Institute of Informatics - Digital Silk Road Project
Digital Archive of Toyo Bunko Rare Books

> > > >
Color Image Gray High Res. Image PDF   Japanese English
0017 Explorations in Turkestan 1903 : vol.1
Explorations in Turkestan 1903 : vol.1 / Page 17 (Color Image)

OCR Text

 

CONTENTS.   VII

A GEOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOGRAPHIC RECONNAISSANCE IN CENTRAL

TURKESTAN.   Page.

   Itinerary 159

Plan of report    160

The Paleozoic series    160

   The Mesozoic-Tertiary series 163

Comparison with American formations    166

   The Tertiary peneplain 167

The Quaternary ,uplift    16g

Consequent drainage    169

Long continuance of processes of deposition and uplift    170

   Physiograrphnc .provinoes 171

The Tian Shan Plateau    171

The Kashgar Basin    175

   Subsidiary basins 176

   Loess 178

The Alai Mountains    178

The Alai Valley    179

The Fergana Basin    181

The Quaternary period    182

Glaciation     182

Distribution of glaciers and amount of erosion    182

The subdivision of the glacial period in Asia    183

An older and a younger glacial epoch    184

   Five glacial epochs 186

Moraines of the Jukuchak Valley    186

Moraines of the eastern Khoja Ishken Valley    187

Moraines of the Mudirum Basin    190

Moraines of the Yak Tash Basin    192

Moraines of the Kan Su Valley    193

   Moraines of the Taka Valley 196

Summary of the glacial period    1gg

Comparison of the glaciation of Asia with that of America and Europe    200

Terraces .     201

   Lakes • 208

Summary    214

THE BASIN OF' EASTERN PERSIA AND SISTAN.

Introduotion     219

   Route 220

   Literature 221

  •    

Outline of report    '.    222

   The physiography of Eastern Persia 225

Climate: The cause of the desolation of Persia    227

The basin region of Iran    230

   The two basins of Iran 230

Geological history of the basins    232

Illustrations of the geological history of northeastern Persia    233

The mountains of Khorasan   • . • 233

Kopet Dagh    233

The Meshed Basin    235

The Kuchan earthquake    236

The Binalud .range and the neighboring basins    237

The Afghan depression    237

   The Heri Rud Valley 237

The extinct lake of Zorabad    239

   The Afghan depression south of the Russo-Afghan boundary 240