II6 EXPLORATIONS IN TURKESTAN.
The occurrence of ruins beneath the lake waters was noted by Semenof in his
journey in 1857. He was told of the remains 6o an Other city under lmake lake,
half a verst from its northeast shore (1858, 3 )
reports, but nothing definite seems to be known. We were shown a square brick,
about zo inches on a side and 2 incheWalsicti ld that
on tae good authority of General
from these ruins. Mr. Huntington >
Korolkof, at Przhevalsk, that the ruins can now be seen on the lake bottom "in
Fig. 80.—A Carved Stone on the plain at the east end of Issik Kul, looking south.
water of considerable depth." There is no direct evidence to determine the date of the period of low water during which the houses now submerged were built; but Mr. Huntington points out that brick houses are presumably of more modern construction than cobblestone walls, and hence that the submerged houses were probably built during a low-water stand, after the high-water stand recorded in the 3o-foot beach. The fact that the bricks can be seen on the lake bottom, not yet buried by silts, points to the saine conclusion. The lake ought to be carefully sounded and dredged.