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0123 Explorations in Turkestan 1903 : vol.1
Explorations in Turkestan 1903 : vol.1 / Page 123 (Color Image)

Captions

[Figure] 64 Three-mile section across the (western) Kugart Valley, looking northeast.
[Photo] 65 Gorge of the (western) Kugart, above Taran Bazaar, looking east.

OCR Text

 

TERRACES IN THE KUGART VALLEYS.   99

The terrace plain continues far up the Kugart-su, but it becomes narrowed and the river often cuts through the gravels to the rocks beneath. The rocks are weak red beds for several miles, in which the hills are low and the valley sides are scarred with landslips. Farther on schists and slates set in, the mountains

Fig. 64.—Three-mile section across the (western) Kugart Valley, looking northeast.

rise, and the valley narrows. The upper terrace plain is then more built upon by lateral fans and more trenched by lateral streams, so that the trail along it has an uneven grade. At the mouth of the Kizil-su a fine exposure of the terrace conglomerates is seen, several hundred feet in thickness. Above the Kizil-su cobbles and roughly-rounded blocks are found in patches on the mountain side above the terrace plain, as if they marked the remnants of some still earlier valley filling whose terrace form is now lost. Farther on in the mountains the stream rises

Fig. 65.Gorge of the (western) Kugart, above Taran Bazaar, looking east.

above the terrace level, and the valley floor is encroached upon by torrent fans from lateral ravines. Here we camped in the rain, about 5 miles below the pass, on June 3o. The discomfort of bad weather was removed by the thoughtfulness of our good friend, the Min-bashi, who had given orders to send a party of Kirghiz ahead with yurts. When we reached the camp the yurts were already set up and well furnished for a comfortable night.