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0015 Explorations in Turkestan 1903 : vol.1
Explorations in Turkestan 1903 : vol.1 / Page 15 (Color Image)

OCR Text

 

CONTENTS.

ARCHEOLOGICAL AND PHYSICO-GBOGRAPHICAL RECONNAISSANCE IN

TURKESTAN.

Page.

Introduction     3

   Itinerary 3

   Outline sketch of the region 5

Evidences of former occupation    7

   Tumuli (or kurgans) 7

Ancient towns    9

Ruins near Atrek River    9

Ancient Mery    io

Ruins of Paikent    io

   Samarkand io

Review of the field    12

Results in 'physical geography    16

Recommendations     18

Town sites    18

Tumuli     18

Summary    19

A JOURNEY ACROSS TURKESTAN.

Itinerary    . 23

Nature of observations    23

The Caspian region   24

The Tertiary and Quaternary Caspian    24

   The Bosporus 26

The south coast of the Black Sea    26

The Quaternary Caspian shorelines near Baku    28

   The Quaternary shorelines near Krasnovodsk and Jebel 33

The plains of Southern Turkestan    36

The Quaternary ATalo-Caspian in the Kara Kum    37

   The piedmont plains 40

The Akhal-tekin oases    41

The Kopet Dagh    46

   The Firuza Basin 47

   The Serani Valley   49    

14

The Selsuparali Basin    5o

The terraces of Duruigar Valley    52

   The desert plains 54

The aggrading rivers of the plains    55

Loess deposits    58

Loess near Samarkand    58

   Loess near Jizak 59

Loess in Fergana    6o

Loess in Semi.ryetshensk    61

   Loess in (western) Kugart Valley . 63

   The Tian Shan Mountains 64

   Preparation for the mountain journey 64

Route over the mountains    67