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0107 Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1
Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1 / Page 107 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000246
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67. BELOR   91

the name; cf. M. Streck in EI, s. v. « Baghdad ». In Ming shih, 332, 12 b, 4a -pf Pa-tan is much more likely to be read as Ba} dan = Bagdad than as Badahsân, in spite of Br, ii, 314. The latter work (326, 7 a) writes also It 1 jf Po-ko-ta, Bagdad, listing an embassy of 1426, but mentions moreover, for the same period, a MAji Hei-ko-ta which seems a fanciful creation derived semantically from Po-ko-ta (326, 7 a-b). T'u Chi's chapter on the history of Bagdad (ch. 147) and his geographical notice (160, 23 a) have nothing original.

Bagdad, founded in 762 (not 764 as in Br, II, 123, or 753 as in HR, 135), was taken by the Mongols on February 5, 1258.

In spite of CORDIER'S reiterated argument against SYKES in Y, III, 4-5, it is plain that Polo never was in Bagdad; his outward route took him straight to Tabriz (see « Tauris »), and on the return journey he landed at Ormuz without ever visiting the lower Euphrates or the Tigris. This whole section is therefore based on hearsay information.


audouin FA   baldouino TA3, S   baudouyns FB

baldionus L   balduino R, VA   bawdeuins 0

baldoin V   baldwinus P5   edaldwinus P

baldoinus LT   baudoin F

Baldwin II de Courtenay, « Latin » Emperor of Constantinople, reigned nominally from 1228 to 1261, but in fact from December 1239 to 1261; in the latter year he was dethroned by Michael Palaeologos.

  1. BELOR

balor VA   TA3, V, Z   bolor L, Ll, L4

belor F, FA, FB, LT, P, TA', beloro VB; R   bossor VL

On the many controversies raised by this name, cf. Y, i, 178-179. The problem, long obscured by a forgery which seems to be due to KLAPROTH and by the confusions which modern Chinese scholars have made between ancient Chinese names and the modern Bürüt tribe, is now fairly clear, so that the name and its value can be correctly determined. Polo's Belor corresponds to the name which was written )4, in 982-983 by the author of the Iludûd al-' Alain (ed. BARTHOLD, pp. 27 and 36; but ~J. Bulûr, 26 b; cf. also Mi, 93, 121, 258, 369-370), in 1030 by Ai-Birûni (SACHAU, Alberuni's India, i, 117, 206, 207), in 1050-1052 by Gardizi (BARTHOLD, Otcët o komandirovké, 117), and which editors and translators have transcribed « Bolor ». In 518522, Sung Yün mentions 4 la 4 fj Po-lu-lo, which supposes an Iranized *Palûrag; Hsüan-tsang,

in the second quarter of the 7th cent., writes 4 a   Po-lu-lo, and that, in his very scientific