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0266 Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1
Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1 / Page 266 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000246
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250   144. CL&GATAI

establish an identification. We shall soon see, however, that there may be some collateral support for YANAI'S view.

A passage of the Ching-shih ta-tien preserved in the Yung-lo ta-tien (ch. 19422, 4 b) gives as the number of animals and cars assigned to the postal relay of Cayân-nbr : « The original numbers were 150 horses, 50 cars and 200 oxen, to which were later added 58 horses, 30 cars and 120 oxen.»

Qubilai was at Cayân-nôr when the startling news of Abmad's assassination reached him (April 10, 1282; see « Acmat ' », and cf. YS, 12, 1 b; 160, 7 a; 205, 3 b).

If YANAI be right in his identification of the Pai-i ordo with Cayân-nbr, the palace of Cayân-nôr was later the scene of an event of some importance in the intercourse between the Mongols and the West. On August 19, 1342, the Papal Legate Marignolli presented a superb horse to the Emperor Shun-ti, who was then sitting enthroned in the It ( liR Tz'u-jên-tien (« Hall of Mercy and Benevolence »). On August 22, an order was issued from the fire, Ye, gR Lungkuang-tien (« Hall of Dragon Brightness ») that Chou Lang should draw a picture of the horse (cf. Mo, 256-257). From YS, 40, 6 a, we know that Shun-ti was then residing, in principle at least, at Shang-tu ; but the YS, as a rule, takes no notice of the moves of the Emperor from Shang-tu to Cayàn-nôr or vice-versa; he is regarded as staying at Shang-tu so long as he does not come back to Peking. For instance, if we had only the pên-chi of the YS, we should not know that Qubilai was at Cayân-nôr, and not at Shang-tu, at the time of Abmad's murder. Now, it is said in the Chin pien (cf. YANAI, 761) that both the Tz'û-jên-tien and the Lung-kuang-tien were halls of the Pai-i ordo, and there is no reason to doubt the accuracy of such a statement. The Pai-i ordo cannot have been at Shang-tu itself, since we have been told that « a hall had been removed from Shang-tu to Pai-i ordo ». Since eayàn-nôr was a favourite resort of the Mongol Emperors when the Court was at Shang-tu, and is in fact the only one of which we have a distinct mention in connection with Qubilai both in Polo and in Chinese sources, there

is a fair chance that it received a new name when it was enlarged into a real ordo in 1326, and that Marignolii actually had his audience at Cayân-nbr. In such a case, YANAI may well be right in connecting the « Pai-i » of Pai-i ordo with the « Pain » of Pain Cayàn-nôr.


agathay, ciagatay, cyachactay LT

agati, cigataio, gegitan, rigatai V

chagatai, chiagati, cigati, zigatai VA

ciagaci, cilgatay, sigatai, siga-

tay FA

ciagatai, ciagati F

ciagaty FB

cigatai F, L, V

cygastay P

cygathai, cygathay VL

çagathay Z

digatai, draganti, gigatai VB

gighatta TAI, TA3

gisghatta TA'

gyganchai G

sygatay FA, FB

zagathai R

This is a very accurate rendering of the name of Chinghiz-khan's second son « Cayatai ». It was first mentioned in the West by Plan Carpine, who gives « Chiaaday » (iVy, 65, 66; Pian