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0207 Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1
Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1 / Page 207 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000246
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122. CARAUNAS   191

of Rigid (Bl, Ii, 158; also HI, 39, 48 [unpublished proofs]), prints Nägüdär as the correct form of the name of Cayatai's grandson and adds that he is Polo's « Negodar ».

The question is not so simple. A preliminary point should be made clear : « Juji » (= Jai), as the name of Cayatai's eldest son, is a misreading by HAMMER for Mori (Mong. moth means « carpenter »; cf. Secret History, § 223; in modern Mong., modoruri) ; Plan Carpine's « Moucy » represents the same name and probably applies to the same man (cf. Wy, 67, etc. ; « Moucy » is a better reading than « Maucy », and Mai was the eldest son of Cayatai, not the second one). Abn'i-Faraj's 0;-;.! « Bubi » (Hist. dynast., ed. POCOCKE, 503; transi. 329), also corrupt, is less altered as to the initial consonant. An account of Mai and of his eleven sons is given by Raid (BI, II, 158-161). A general « Negoudar », of whom I shall have to speak later, is said by D'OHSSON (Oh, III, 380) to have been in command of some of the troops of the branch of Jai who came to Persia with Hülägü; but it seems to be partly as the result of a confusion with HAMMER'S misreading for the name of Cayatai's eldest son that PAUTHIER (Pa, 82) sees in that « Negoudar » a son or a grandson of Jai of the Golden Horde. It is only by an oversight that Nägüdär (or Tägüdär) is said to be a « son » of Cayatai by BROWNE, A Hist. of Pers. Lit. iii, 25, or a « great-grandson » by HOWORTH, III, 310.

To identify Polo's « Negodar » with Cayatai's grandson Nägüdär (or Tägüdär), it is necessary to amend considerably the account given by our traveller. Cayatai was not really brother to the Great Khan, if we are to understand by « Great Khan » Qubilai; but this is the usual confusion in Polo (see « Ciagatai »). Nägüdär (or Tägüdär) was not Cayatai's nephew, but his grandson; and here we cannot take advantage of the double meaning of « neveu », which means both « nephew » and « grandson », since Polo, in Rustichello's words, speaks of Cayatai as being « Negodar »'s « uncle » (unless we are to put the confusion to the account of Rustichello misunderstanding Polo). Moreover Cayatai died early in 1242, and could therefore have taken no part in the campaign of Hüiägü which took place many years later. Even in his lifetime, Cayatai was not in « Greater Armenia ». And we cannot think either of the Cayatai princes who succeeded Ca atai, since their dominions were always far to the north-east, towards Russian and Chinese Turkistan (RAMusio's text has here a « Turchia maggiore », « Greater Turkey », which perhaps takes the place of «Greater Armenia », and that name, used for what we now call Turkistan, would be correct for the dominions of Cayatai and of his successors; but although there is original information going back to Polo in this chapter of RAMUSIO, I dare not here prefer his reading to that of the other texts, with which, moreover, there is not here a strict parallelism in RAMusio).

But even making allowances for inaccuracies in Polo's genealogical account of « Negodar », the identification with Cayatai's grandson raises other difficulties. YULE ( Y, i, 103) has already called attention to the fact that the grandson of Cayatai whom he calls « Nigudar » had revolted under Alm; a, sought refuge in Georgia and was captured by Abaya's men. Abaya spared his life, but the rebel prince's troops were dispersed among Abaya's army (Oh, III, 433-435, quoting Raid; cf. also Hai, i, 261). According to Rasid, that Nägüdär (or Tägüdär), Cayatai's grandson, died childless (BI, II, 159; but n'OHSSON, III, 592, speaks of ' Omar, son of the prince Nägüdär, as being on Aryun's side against Ahmad-Tägüdär in 1284, and HAMMER [Hai, I, 352] says that this 'Omar is the son of Jayatai's grandson Nägüdär [although he does not mention him in his