National Institute of Informatics - Digital Silk Road Project
Digital Archive of Toyo Bunko Rare Books

> > > >
Color New!IIIF Color HighRes Gray HighRes PDF   Japanese English
0441 Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1
Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1 / Page 441 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

New!Citation Information

doi: 10.20676/00000246
Citation Format: Chicago | APA | Harvard | IEEE

OCR Text


183. COTTON   425

438; 1930, 299-301). Our word «jade » comes from the Spanish piedra de ijada, «groin-stone », because it was supposed to cure pain in the groin (cf. the name «nephrite »). Following HobsonJobson2, 445, we generally credit Max MÜLLER with being the first exponent of this etymology, in a letter to The Times of January 10, 1880. But this was only a third discovery, at most. Before MOLLER'S letter, the true explanation was indicated in Father BRÜCKER'S BenoUt de Goès, published in 1879 (p. 30 of the reprint). Still earlier, Abel REMUSAT had given the derivation «jade, de l'espagnol ijada, flancs, reins », in his Histoire de la ville de Khotan (p. 231), published in Paris in 1820.


The name, occurring only in LT (cf. Vol. t, 88), is given as that of the tribe to which the Queen Buluyan (see « Bolgana ») belonged. This might have been taken for an alteration of the name of the Onyrat or Qonyrat, who gave so many empresses and princesses to the Mongol reigning family, were it not that the latter name occurs in Polo as « Ungrat » (q. v.), and had we not known for certain that Buluyan was not a Qonyrat, but a Baya'ut. The mention of « Cotroco» in LT must be due to some misreading.



Cotton    426

Bambace    427

Gossypium and Bombai..    429

Tou-lo-mien    430

Karpasa > Ku-pei.     433

Po-tieh    442

bambace, bambax LT bambagia TA1

bambagio, bambasina, barn-

baso, bombagini, bombaso R bambasio, barbasteli (?) VL bambasso VB

banbace, banbacin, banbance,


The relative meaning of Ku-pei

and Po-tieh..     453

   Ku-chung 456

Mu-mien    459

   Ch'ü-shun .. 465

iman ....     466

banbasin, banbaxe, banbece,

bansin F

banbagia TA', TA3

banbaso V

banbaxio VA

banbaxo V, VB

bombacinus, bombax L


So-lo    468

Pan-chih-hua    479

Yüeh-no .    483

The Introduction of Cotton

Cultivation into China    484

The Agnus Scythicus.     507

bombatium, bonbicinus, bonbi-

çi.nus, bonbix, bumbatium Z bombicinus, bombicium P bombix P, Z

coton FA, FB

cotoun 0

Although Polo speaks of cotton in many places, most of the mss. designate it with a different word, and « cotton» occurs only in the fragments of FO in « Franco-Italian » dialect (written a cotoun »), and (written « coton») in the mss. in Court French. This may be adduced as a further arguaient for a close connection between the original of FO and the rifacimento in Court French