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0273 Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1
Notes on Marco Polo : vol.1 / Page 273 (Grayscale High Resolution Image)

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doi: 10.20676/00000246
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148. CIANGIU   257

To the bibliography on Shang-tu given in Y, I, 306, must be added mainly : A. POZDNÉEV, Mongoliya i Mongoly (1898), II, 300-310; VAN LERBERGHE's booklet Au pays des Centaures narrating his trip of 1910, which I saw some twenty years ago but to which I cannot now refer, and which is quoted in Ch, I, 262; and IMPEY in Geogr. Review, 1924, [xv,] 584-604.


caiugan F ciangan F, L

cianghin, cinghan TA

çangan Z siangu FA syangan FB

(quisai TA 3 alia ciuitas LT)

Probably the chên of   Ch'ang-an, north of Hang-chou. See under « Vugiu ». The

chên of Ch'ang-an, at 25 li north-west of the hsien of Hai-ning, was important for both land and river transport. The Sung had built up a bund there. In 1341-1368, a new bund was built

west of the old one and is now known as   t Ch'ang an-pa, « Ch'ang-an weir »; it remained
an active trade centre throughout the Manchu dynasty. Bayan halted at the chên of Ch'ang-an early in 1276, waiting for the impending submission of the Sung Emperor (cf. YS, 9,1 b; Ti-ming to tz'û-tien, 551).


chinchingui P, P5   tanchin Ft   tingigui VA

chinginguy FB   tingçu Z   tingingui L (L 1, L4 omit)

cinghigium TA 3   tinghingiu F   tingiungiu VL

cinghingiu TA   tinghingui F, LT   tinguigui R

cyngui G   tingiggui Fr   tinguiguy FAt

çingigi VBm   tingigi VB   tygui P 20

guinguagui V

All authorities are agreed that the place referred to is '''`, ') j Ch'ang-chou, which was already called by that name in Polo's time (cf. TP, 1915, 407, 412). The city was really besieged by Bayan, and stormed and taken on December 6, 1275 (see «Alains »). But the massacre of the Alans, as I have shown many years ago (TP, 1914, 641-642; Mo, 140-141, 262, and see

«Alains »), occurred not at Ch'ang-chou, but north of the Yang-tzù, at lA   Chên-ch'ao, to-day
Ch'ao-hsien (between Lü-chou and Wu-hu). None of the transcriptions given in the mss. however represents in a satisfactory way a rendering of Ch'ang-chou, or even of the intruding Chên-ch'ao (adopted in RR, 415). CHARIGNON (Ch, III, 69) has sponsored, after MARTINI, an explanation