LIST OF ANTIQUITIES FROM VARIOUS RUINS
Find made inside the walls of Stein's K. 13401 : 2. Fragmentary net-work of twisted Fort L. K. 6/1-31.
hemp( ?)thread, o.9-1.2 mm. thick. Side of mesh 4.5 cm. Ordinary knot.
K. 13369. Polished miniature axe or chisel of K. 13401: 3. Fragm. of woven shoe, torn all
green chert. Thin and neatly made. round. Coarse weave of hair, brown
The sharp cutting edge has rounded corners. 50X and grey, brittle. Warp : th. 1.5-2 mm., 6 threads
34X8 mm. PI. 5:11, to 2 cm. Weft: th. 1-1.5 mm. 20 threads to 2 cm.
L. about 16 cm. W. about 7 cm.
Ruined house 401 on N side of Qum- The ruined fort T'u-ken. 26/2-31.
darya near the head of the delta. K. 13430 : I. Fragm. of bronze tube with glob-
13401: I. Oblong wooden die, square section. ular knob ; mounting for the end
One side blank, the second has three of a canopy rib of wood. Below the knob a raised carved lines perpendicular to the length of the peg, ribbon with elevated middle line. Present L. 37 the third side is covered with six crosses, the mm. Pl. 30:5.
fourth side has a figure shaped like an hour-glass K. 13430:2. Fragm. of iron knife. The upper
or the Chinese seal-character "Wu" carved on part of the handle shaped into an
the middle. The ends are blank. 140X15X16 mm. oval ring. Very rusty. Present L. 121 mm. Pl.
PI. 31:8. 3o : 1o.
Ruin I. (No. 33).
Very near the'head of Qum-darya's delta SVEN HEDIN'S party discovered a ruined house on May 5th 1934. It was situated on the left side of the river, 210 m. from the shore on a 2 m. high terrace.' The ground plan shows a rectangle lying ENE—WSW about 12.5 x 7 m., containing four rooms, and with an enclosure or yard about 13 x 15 m. at the south-western end.
The walls of the house were marked by eighteen standing posts, among these the jambs of two doors. Between there had been a wattle of tamarisk branches and reeds filled out with plastered-on clay. The lowest part of this wattle was preserved, showing that the tamarisk branches were arranged vertically. In a corner there was a fireplace with traces of charcoal. In the NW room there were some sheep droppings, probably from a time when the house had been abandoned by the last proper occupants. STEIN has also observed that one of the Lou-lan ruins (the once beautifully decorated residence L. B. IV) had served as shelter for the flocks of shepherds for a considerable number of years.
1 It is not marked on the map Fig. 37 but it must be situated in the neighbourhood of 401.
Finds from a ruin, probably Stein's
K. 13401:4. Bunch of black feathers with the butts
B. II. 14/1-31. cut off.
K. 13377: I. Spindle whorl of dark-blue lime-
stone, wind-eroded on one side. Ruined house 3 km. ENE of the ruin
Diam. 3 cm. Pl. 29: 13. that contained the finds K. 13401.
K. 13377:2. Thin bronze fitting or suchlike K. 13404. Bronze dress-hook of uniform thick-
with two holes. Hess, clumsy. Nearly round section. L.
K. 13377 : 3-5. Three small bronze fragments. 118 mm. Pl. 30 : 7.