Pi-shan (Pe-shan), now the oasis of Grima, 97, 103, 167 ; name of new district, xv.
Pialma, oasis, see P'o-ch'ieh-i.
Pien i lien, notices of Khotan, i51 sqq., 178 sq.
pigeons, at Mazàr of Kumrabâl-Padshahim, 119 ; a sacred bird to Muhammadans, 12 i.
` Pigeons' shrine', see Kaptar-Mazar. Pirs, on the Afghan frontier, 37 n.;
legend of Pir on Murtagh-Ata, 45.
PISCHEL, Prof. R., on etymologies of
pitch-fork, wooden (Niya Site), 384. Piteya, an official, mentioned in Kharosthi documents, 326, 366.
plaster, in construction of Stûpa, near Th61, 20; at Mauri-Tim, 82.
Plates, references in the text to, see separate index.
P`o-ch`ieh-i (Po-kia-i), now the oasis of Pialma, 98, 117, 173 n. ; shrine and legend of, I18; (?) ancient frontier of Khotan, :b.
Po-chih, position of, 14.
Po-hai, 97 ; possibly identical with Pialma or P`o-ch`ieh-i, 117.
Po Huan, king of Kucha, 522 n. Po-kia-i, 117. See Fo-ch'ieh-i.
Po-la-sse, 34 n. See Po-la-ssü.
Po-la-ssü (Po-la-sse, Po-li-sse), Chinese transcription of Persia, 34.
Po-lei or So-lei, river,near Ab-i-Panja, 8. Po-li-sse, 34 n. See Po-la-ssü.
Po-liu, see Po-lti.
P`o-lo-min or Brahmans, 90, 92.
P`o-lü or Pu-lu (Po-liu), survives in the designation Paloyo, 6 ; importance of, to the Chinese, 7.
Po-lü, Great, the modern Baltistan, mentioned in Tang Annals, 5 ; wrongly identified with Ladak, ib. n.; subject to China, 6; to Tibet, ib.
Po-lü, Little, the modern Gilgit, mentioned in Tang Annals, 6 ; kings of, 7 ; constituted a military territory by the Emperor Hsüan-tsung, ib. ; occupied by the Tibetans, ib. ; recovered by the Chinese, 8 sqq., 63, 177 ; capital of Yeh-to, ro.
Po-lu-lo, mentioned by Hsüan-tsang, 6 n. Po-mêng, see Po-yti.
P'o-t`ê-mo, king of Chieh-shuai, i r. Po-Ciao, ` king of the Great Yüeh-chih allied to the Wei,' 371, 537.
Po-to-chang-na, now Badakhshan, mentioned by Hsüan-tsang, 31 n.
Po-yü (or Po-mêng), now the village group of Tong, 29.
Pocgayaesa, gramana, mentioned in Kharosthi document, 365 n.
Polo, Marco, description of the Pashai, 14 n. ; route from the central Pamirs to Kashgar, 41; opinion of the people of ` Cascar', 49 n., 7o ; account of
Yarcan (Yarkand), 87 ; account of the Khotanese, 139 sq. ; visit to Khotan, 183 ; description of Char-
chan, 436 ; account of Pein, 457, 463. Ponak, hamlet, 464.
Ponak, old ', deserted village, 458. poplars, ancient trunks of, 314, 33o, 337, 378, 38o ; as building material, 317, 33o, 333 ; ancient poplar leaves,
porcelain, Chinese, fragments (D. K.
002. a—d), 461, 464; (D. K. 003. k),
porcelanous frit, see frit.
Potais', 99, 421, 502.
Pôthis, pictorial representation (DandanUiliq), 255 ; portions, found in D. in, 256 sqq. ; in D. iv, 265 ; in D. v, 265 sq.; in D. vi, 274; at Endere,
potsherds, see terra-cotta, pottery.
pottery, see terra-cotta, pottery.
Pion, see Pu.
Pou-li, see Pu-li.
Prajuia Paramilà, MS. found at Dandan-
Uiliq, 257, 258, 295.
Prakrit, on Kharosthi documents from
Niya Site, 321, 364 ; historical import of its use, 368.
Pratyekabuddha (Pi-chih-fo), 231, 232,
Preliminary Report, published, x. Procopius, on Serinda, 134.
Proto-Tibetan (?), non-Sanskritic language, 15o, 272 ; texts (DandanUiliq) (D. III. 8, 14), 257, 295 ; (D. V. I, 2, 7), 265, z67, 272, 296, 297 ; (D. x. 9, to. a), 262, 301 ; (Endere) (E. i. 1, 2, 3), 438, 439 (Note xxii) ; (E. i. 7), 425, 44o (Note xxvi) ; (E. i. 9), 44o (Note xxv) ; 439 (Note xxiii).
Ptolemy, account of the land of the Seres, 53 sq. ; Issedon Serica, now Khotan, 134.
Pu-, Buddhist monk, 277, 531.
Pu-k` o yi, mountains, mentioned by Sung Yün, 29.
Pu-li (Pou-li), in kingdom of Chu-chtipan, 91, 92.
Pu-nye-shar, Chinese princess, introduced silkworms into Khotan, 23o, 581.
Purusapura, see Peshawar.
Pyagpag, mentioned in Tibetan sgraffito,
quadriga with charioteer, in intaglio from Khotan, 209, 220.
Qutayba ibn Muslim, effect of his conquests on the Chinese empire, 5 ; captures Kashgar, 48 n., 6z.
r omitted in Chinese rendering of Turki names, to n.
rabab (mandoline or guitar), terra-cotta (Y5tkan), 213 ; on painted panel (D. H. 010), 251, 294 ; found at Niya Site (N. xii. 2), 336, 399.
ràhdeiri, system of, 2 n.
Rahula appears in the form of Buddha, 231.
Râjalarairgini, statements in Stein's translation rectified (II. p. 435), 5 n.; (IV. 126, note), 13 n. See also Kalhana.
Rakiposhi, Mount, zo.
Ramchand, Pandit, on excavations at Yôtkan, 192 sq.
Ram Singh, surveyor, deputed to accompany Stein, vi ; appreciation of his services, 518.
RAPSON, Prof. E. J., assistance rendered by, xii, xiii, 520 ; on coins from Togujai, I to n., iii ; on Tibetan titles in Kharosthi documents from Niya, 149 n.; on Kharosthi documents, 311, 318, 320, 326, 364 sqq.; on inscription on clay seal (N. xv. 24), 355 ; on coins found or purchased at various sites, 575 sqq.
rats, Hsüan-tsang's legend of the sacred, survives in the legend of KaptarMazar, I2o, 121 ; their chief, represented on painted panel (D. Iv. 5), I21, 264 sq., 296.
Rawak, near Dandan-Uiliq, remains of Stüpas, 304 ; inscribed wooden tablet, 305; objects found, 306.
Rawak Stûpa, march to, 483 ; excavations, 484 ; dimensions of Stiiipa, 485 ; Vihara court, plan of, 484 sq. ; relief sculptures, 486-499 ; quasi-Mongolian faces in relief sculptures, x65, 166 n., 495 ; wavy drapery, 246, 490, 491; approximate date of abandonment, 501.
rayadvara, ` royal court of justice,' 366 n.
rayadvara puraslhila, ` president of the royal court', 366.
Razdiangan Pass, see Tragabal Pass. READ, Mr. C., on manufacture of frit or celadon, 381.
relievos, in stucco, see stucco reliefs. RÉMUSAT, M. ABEL, on Khotan, 133, 151 sqq., 178 sq.
Rgya, India, 161 ; generally means China, ib. n., 581.
ring, gold split (R. 003), 5o6 ; signet (B. D. oor. c), 219 ; (N. 0015), 381, 415 ; soapstone (H. 001. d), 473- See also bronze rings.
rise of level in cultivated ground, see silt-deposits.
rivers, shifting of, in Eastern Turkestan, 383 ; shrinkage, 383, 385.
roads, in Khotan, explanation of their low level, 197, 238.
ROCKHILL, Mr. W. W., on the Drupa type ', 147, 149 ; translates ` The