chair, carved wooden (N. vii. 4), 33o,
chairs, legs of wooden (N. xii. 3), 336,
Chalma-kazan, ancient site, mound at,
233 ; coins from, 234 ; derivation of
name, 234 sq. ; objects from, 235. Chan-chan, see Shan-shan.
Chan-yi, see Shan-i.
Chang, Wei-ch'ih, king of Khotan, 523 n. Chang Hsiao-sung, Chinese general, 62.
Chang K'uang-yeh, Chinese envoy, 178. Chang-shih of the Western Countries', title, in Chinese document, 871, 538. chang-tso, see shang-tso. Charchan(Hsüan-tsang's Chê-mo-t'o-na, Chü-mo (Tsiu-mo) ; Sung Yün's Tso-mo), identified with Calma-
dana, g 1 1 n. ; with Chü-mo, 435, 436 ; deserted in Hsüan-tsang's time,
435 ; seat of a Chinese garrison in Tang times, 436 ; mentioned by Marco Polo, ib. ; identified with Tsomo, 436 n., 456.
charcoal, ancient (Dandan-Uiliq), 259. charms (Y. 002. b), 210.
Charuks (mocassins), 252, 278.
CHAVANNES, Prof. Édouard, assistance rendered by, xii sq. ; translates and
elucidates Chinese Annals, x, 5, 151
sqq., 172 sqq.; identifies 'Little
P`o-lü' with Gilgit, 6 sq.; translates
the T'ang Annals, see T'ang Annals;
translates Sung Yün's itinerary, 29 ;
on Buddhist pilgrims in Kashgar, 67
sq. ; identifies kingdom of Chu-chti-
po, 91 ; on the Western Turks, 151 ;
translates Chinese documents(Dandan-
Uiliq), 266, 267, 275 sqq., 521 sqq. ;
on use of bamboo slips in China,
359 sq. ; on Chinese documents
from Niya Site, 361, 37o sqq., 537 sqq. ; his arrangement of them in App. A explained, 37o n. ; on Chinese sgraffiti (Endere), 428, 432, 546 sq.
Chê-chü-chia, now Karghalik, wrongly identified with Yarkand, 87 ; corresponds to Chih-chih-man, 98. See Karghalik.
Che-hou, see Shih-hu.
Chê-mo-t'o-na, kingdom of, mentioned by Hsüan-tsang, 435. See Charchan. Che-tseu, see Shih-tzü.
Ch'ên-p'an, made king of Su-I8, 55. Chên-t'o-lo-pi-li, see Candrapïcla.
Cheng, see Chang.
Chêng Chü, Chinese official, 177. Cheng Hsien, Chinese officer, 266, 523. Chêng-kuo, the chief of Chü-mi, 168. Chêng,'üan, supposed character in
Chinese sgraffito, 428.
Chêng-yüan period, dated documents of, (D. vii. 3. c), 276 n., 528 ; (D. vu. 3. d), 276 n.; (D. vII. 4. d), 277, 531; (D. ix. I), 273, 533.
Chi-li-ho-po-ti, see Grhapati.
Ch:=li-ki-li to-ti (Çri-kritati), suggested etymology of Su-16, 5o n.
Chi-nan, district, 97.
Chi-pin, identified with Kabul, with Kashmir, 53 n. ; conquered by the Sök or Sz', 53.
Chi-shih, river, 171. See Yurung-kash.
Chia-lu-shu-tan-11, Chinese etymology of Shu-lé, 49 ; probably not a transcription of *Kharostra, but some such Sanskrit word as *Kalusântara, *Kalusadhara, or *Kalusollara, 49.
Chia-pi-shih (Kapiga), Chinese hostages at, 56 ; suggested etymology of, ib.; Buddhist monasteries at, 56, 57.
Ch'ia-sha(transcribed Kia-cha by Julien, Kiu-cha by M. Chavannes, and Kasha by Dr. Franke), 48, 67. See Kashgar.
Chia-shih (transcribed K za-che by M. Chavannes and Ka-shih by Dr. Franke), capital of the king of Kash-gar, 48, 66.
Chichiklik plateau, near Tash-kurghan, hospice said to have been built here, xv, 39 sq. ; called Ciecialith by Benedict Goëz, 4o.
Chieh, abbreviated form of Chieh-shuai, I I n., 13, 14.
Chieh-ch'a, Fa-hsien's name for Kash-gar, 48, 67.
Chieh-p`an-t'o, Chinese name for Sarikol, 28, 30, 33. See Sarikol.
Chieh-shih, for Chieh-shuai, 11 n. ; an attempt to represent Kashkar by Chinese sounds, 15. See also Chiehshuai.
Chieh-shuai (Chieh, Chieh-shih), now Kashkar or Chitral, hill-state, allied with the Tibetans, 11; Chinese expedition against, ib. ; Su-chia made king of, ib. ; identified with Kashkar or Chitral, 14 ; Chieh-shih, an attempt to represent Kashkar by Chinese sounds, 15.
Chien, king of Khotan, x68.
chien (bamboo slips), used for Chinese documents, 359 sq.
Chien-chung (kien-tchong) period, coin of, 234, 576 ; dated documents of, 525, 533 ; (D. vir. 2), 275, 5z6, 533 ; (D. VII. 3. d), 276 n., 529, 533 ; (D. vII. 4. a), 275 n., 529, 533.
Chien-mo, now the Gez defile, 27.
Chien-tê-li, river, identified with river of Chira, 467.
Chien-t'o-lo, Chinese name of Gandhdra, see Gandhara.
Ch'ien-tun, Chinese name of Khotan, used by Wu-kung, 155. See also Khotan.
Chien-ying, Buddhist monk, 275 sq., 526 sq., 529.
Chien-yüan period, coins of, III, 206, 234, 283, 37o n., 476, 575 sqq.
Chih-chih-man, 97 ; corresponds to
Hsüan-tsang's Chê-chü-chia, 98. Chih fo-tang, ' the hall of the red
Chih-mêng, calls Kdshgar Ch`i-sha, 48, 67; mentions Buddha's alms-bowl and spittoon, 67.
Chih-mo-t`o-na, identified with Calmadana, 311 n.
Chih-na po-ti (Skr. Cinapati ?), winter residence of Chinese hostages in the Panjab, 57 n.
Chih-na-fi p`o-ch'ü-tan-lo (Cina-deva-
gotra), king of Chieh-p'an-t`o, 34. Childs, called Shiltas by Albérnni, 4. Childs and the Kashmir-Gilgit route,
Chilasis, raids of the, 16 ; organization of, 17.
Chin Chia-hsing, Chinese dignitary, mentioned in sgraffito (Endere), 428, 546.
Chin-chin, boy's name, on Chinese document, 528.
Chin-ts'e--tien, palace of king of Khotan, 179, 202 n.
China, alleged immigration from China into Khotan, 148 sq., 157, 158 ; said to have been led by Kustana, 16o sq., 162 ; indications in confirmation of the legend, 165.
Chinese, historical relations with Gilgit, 4 sqq. ; with the Tibetans, 5 sqq., 6x sqq., 148 ; with Sarikol, 25 sq., 27 sqq., 36 ; with Kashgar, 52 sqq. ; with Karghalik, 91 sq. ; their view of the Tibetans, 149 ; records of Khotan, 151 sqq.; the transcription of Chinese characters, 154, 173 n•, 205, 225, 311 ; historical sense in educated Chinese, vii, 237 ; abandonment of Khotan, 284 ; diplomatic relations with Tabaristdn, 308 sq.; historical data in Chinese documents (Niya Site), 168, 37o sqq., 537 sq. See also ' Four Garrisons ', Khotan, T'ang Annals, Tarim Basin, Turkestan.
Chinese coins : from Togujai, II() sq., 575 ; from Yôtkan, 205, 206, 575 sq. ; from Chalma-kazan, 234, 576 ; from Dandan-Uiliq, 241, 272, 283, 577 ; from Rawak, beyond DandanUiliq, 306, 577; from Niya Site, 369, 577 ; from Endere, 429, 577 ; from Kara-dong, 447, 577 ; from UzunTati, 461, 577 ; from Hanguya Tati, 471, 578; from Tam-Oghil, 473, 578; from Ak-sipil, 476, 578 ; near Rawak, 482 sq., 578 ; from Rawak Stnpa and Vihara court, 493, 578; from Jumbe-kum, 579 ; from Karadöbe, 515, 579 ; from Mazar-Tagh, 579. See also wu-chu coins.
Chinese documents found :-
at Dandan-Uiliq (D. v. 6), z66, 297.