importance, ib.; called Hiarchan by Goéz, ib.
Yarkand river, see Hsi-to.
Yarkhün Valley, the ancient Shang-mi,
16 n. ; called Khö, below Mastitj, ib. Yartunguz river, 418 ; shifting of its
course, 419, 444.
Yartunguz-Tarim, oasis, 418.
Ya§as, a minister of Moka, in the legend of Khotan, 16o sq.
Yasin (A-nu-yüeh), route from the Upper Indus to the Oxus Valley, 5 ; invaded by the Chinese, 9 ; called Arniah or Arniya by the Dards, and A-nu-yüeh by the Chinese, xo.
Yawa-Ustang, stream, 515.
Yazid, mentioned in Judaeo-Persian
document, 308, 57o, 573 sq. Ye-u-la, king of Khotan, 232, 58x. Yeh-ho, identified with Yeh-to, 16 n. Yeh-hu, see Shih-hu.
Yeh-li-ch`ien, Chinese name of Yarkand, 87.
Yeh-tas, see Hephthalites.
Yeh-to, capital of Little P`o-lü, 10 ; called Yeh-ho by Wu-k`ung, x6 n. Yellow Canal ', 98.
Yen-ch`i, mentioned in document (N. xv. 93. a, b), 37x, 537. See Kara-shahr. Yi, see I.
Yi-fa, see I-fa.
Yilba-Sarigh, terminal oasis, 383. Yin-i, mentions Gomati river, 186 ;
temple of Vaiiravana, 202. Yin-po-chien, see Kokcha Valley. Yin-tu [Hindus], see Hindus. Ying-ch`ing, Buddhist monk, 277, 531. Ying-ts'ing, see Ying-ch'ing. Yoka-toghrak, 443.
Yôtkan, quasi-Mongolian faces in terracotta figurines found here, x65, x66 n.; site of the ancient capital of Khotan, 19o, 514; excavations at, 192 sqq.; culture-strata, 195, 198; its position
according to Kao Chti-hui's report, zoo ; according to earlier Chinese notices, 201 ; its buildings, 202 ; coins found at Y., 204 sqq. ; antiques acquired, 206 sqq., 210 sqq. ; analysis of loess soil, 196 sqq., 588 sq.
Yôtkan-Yâr, ravine, 191 ; its formation, x 92.
YOUNG, Sir Mackworth, vi.
yü, Chinese for ' jade', 132 ; (?) forms part of the name Yr1-fien, 155.
Yü-chih (Yü-tche), wrong reading for Yü-t`ien, 155 n.
Yii-ho, ' jade river,' 87 n.
Yû-hui (Yu-hwuy), identified with Tashkurghan, 28.
YU-lin, king of Khotan, 167.
Yü-mi (also called Chü-ntz; Han-mi and Ning-mz), kingdom mentioned in Former Han Annals, 167, 467 ; not to be identified with Keriya, ib. n.; in the Annals of the Three Kingdoms, x68 ; called Han-mi in the Tang Annals, 467.
Yü-mo, now Tash-kurghan, 28; mentioned by Fa-hsien, 67.
Yü-tche, see Yü-chih.
Yü-t`ien, Chinese name of Khotan, 153, 154 sq. ; now officially applied to the district of Keriya, 155 n., 310 n., 467 ; mentioned in Chinese documents from Niya Site, 371, 538. See also Khotan.
Yü-tun, Chinese name of Khotan, 153, x 55. See also Khotan.
Yüan-fêng period, coins of, 206, 473, 575, 578.
Yüan-yu period, coins of, 206, 575, 578. Yue-tche, see Yüeh-chih.
Yüeh-chih, the Great, probably spoke a Turki-Mongolian language, 5o n.; drive out the Sök, 52 ; invade Su-18, 55 ; Buddhism in their dominions, 57 ; referred to in Chinese document
(N. xv. 53), 372, 540 ; traders from their country, the first makers of glass in China, 373 sq.
Yul-arik, see Hsi-yeh.
YULE, Sir Henry, dedication to, iii, xiv; identification of Great P`o-lü with Ladâk, incorrect, 5 n. ; on Marco Polo's account of the Pashai, 14 n. ; identification of Marco Polo's Pein with Hsüan-tsang's P`i-m0, 457.
Yurung-kâsh, canton of Khotan, 131 n. sq.
Yurung-kâsh, ' [the river of] White Jade,' 124, 179 ; called Ak-Tash by Mirzâ. Haidar, x 3o n.; origin of the name, 132 ; identified with the lower side of the U-then river ', 162 ; called Shou-pa, Shu-chih and Chi-shih in the Pei shih, 17x, 201 ; silt deposited by, 197 ; and the water-supply of Dandan-Uiliq, 285 sq.
Yurung-kash, town of Khotan, x37, 268, 522 n., 472.
Yusuf Qadr Khan, ruler of Khotan, 18o sq.
Zanguya, oasis, r x5.
Zarafshan river, 43 ; mentioned by Hsüan-tsang, 90. See also Hsi-to. Zawa-kurghan, fort, 98.
Zawa-kurghan, village, 516.
Zawa-Kuya, canton of Khotan, 31 n. sq. Zebak, see Kurân.
Ziârats, Muhammadan, of Ordain-Padshah, 86 ; Ulûgh-Nishân, 89 n. ; often occupy the sites of Buddhist places of worship, 121, 12 2, 140 ; in Khotan, 140; schools attached to, 143'; at Kohmari, 187 ; of ' Böwa-Kambar', 225 ; Uliigh-Ziarat, 461 sqq. See also Mazârs.
Zoroastrian religion, ' the cult of the celestial god,' in Kashgar, 66 ; in China, 71; in Khotan, 17 a.