Köteklik-köl, lagoon, 452.
Koyagh-ketme, ' Tati ', 303.
Koyo Glacier, 52.
Koyumal, site of, 314 n. 9.
KOZLOFF, Col. P. K.: surveys route from Tikkenlik to Singer, 334 n. 7 ; surveys Lop desert route, 565. See ROBOROVSKY.
Kroraimna, see Kroraina.
Kroraina (Krorayina, Krorainzna), in Kharosthi records, 414.4i7; identified with Lou-lan Site, 415 ; possibly transcribed as Lou-lan, 415 sq.
Krorayina, see Kroraina.
Ksitigarbha, Bodhisattva : fig. of(?), in fresco, 169.
in paintings, 863 n. i i, 863 n. 14, 864 sq., 882, 888 n. 31, 952, 954, 962, 1008, 1021, 1028, 1044, 1050, 1393 ; his ' Mandalas', 866, 1409, 1411, 1422 sq.; as Patron of Travellers, Lord of the Six Gall. or Protector of Souls in Hell, 866, 886, 943, 955, 981,991, 997, loco, 1035, 1076,1083, io85 sq. ; as monk, 962, 1008, 1021, 1028, 1044, 1076.
ku, term denoting type of Chinese writing tablet, 763 n.9ß.
Ku. = Kum-bagh, q. v.
Ku-eh'êng-tzti, see Guchen.
Ku K'ai-chih, Chinese painter, 849 n. t8, 851 n. 24.
Ku-lang-na, see Kuran.
Ku-mo (Ak-su, (I. v.), 1297.
Ku-shin, see Turfïin.
Ku-shih-mz; see Ka§mir.
K'u-shui, road-station, 1143.
Ku-lung-tan(' [the place] to search for old things '), ' Tati' near Nan-hu, q. v.
Kua-chou (` City of melons ', mod. Anhsi): anc. oasis, logo ; area covered by, ib. ; destroyed by Tungans, 1091 ; importance of its position, 1093 ; historical connexion with Tun-huang, 1092 ; irrigated by Su-lo Ho, ib. ; historical topography of, in Hsüantsang's L ', 1097 sqq. ; Hsüan-tsang at, 1142 n. 4a ; his journey from, to I-wu (Hanoi, q. v.), 1097 sq., i 143 sqq.; Kao Chü-hui's account of, 817. See also An-hs&.
Kua-chou-ch'êng, abandoned town of, 1091; marks approx. site of Tang Kua-chou, og8.
Kua-chou-k'ou, locality of Kua-chou oasis, 1089.
K`ua-lü, king of the Tu-yü-hun, 298. kuan (' barrier ' or ' pass '), 689 ; see
Chia yil kuan, Yang kuan, Yil-nz€zz
Kuan-chi, locality on Limes, 66o, 68o; location, 668. 67o. See also Hsienming, Kuang-hsin, Tang-ku.
Kuan-tsou : deserted settlement, 626 sq.; last ruins of, 627 ; Chinese coins from, 627, 1345 ; other finds, 631.
Kuan-yin (Kwannon): Chinese designation of AvalokiteS`vara (q. v.).
Kuang, king of Shan-shan, 33o. Kuang-ch`ang, military company, mentioned in Limes doc., 648, 649 n. 13,
Kuang-chi, watch-station, 754.
.Kuang-hsin, military company, mentioned
in Limes does., 670, 747 n. 27 ; ' of Kuan-chi ', 67o ; ' of Yü-mên', ib.
Kuang Hsii, Emperor : ten-cash pieces of, 1345. See also Chinese coins.
Kuang-tê, king of Khotan, 83, 33o. Kuang-wu, watch - post mentioned in
Limes doc., 649, 649 n. 13; possible location at T. v, 649.
Kuang \Vu-ti, Emperor, adopts regnal
title Chien Wu, 594. See also Chinese coins.
Kubera, god of riches : on clay seal from Niya, 231 ; in sculptures of Barhut, Gandhara, Dandan - oilik, 87o; attributes of, 87o, 875; often represented side by side with Hariti, 1253. See also VaiS`ravana.
Kubha, see Kabul R., Karat.
Kucha : formerly called An-hsi, 3o,
1 og 1 n. 9 ; Kao Hsien-chih at, 53 ; Chz'iu-lzü of Han Annals, 1236 n. 4;
subjection of, 83, 298, 331 ; reconquest, 84 ; K. mentioned in Chinese
does., 329, 409, 413, 1290; route to, in Wei Izô, 418 ; route from Korla to,
through Bugur, 1235 ; distance to Aksu, 1297; importance of K. in antiquity,
1238 ; population in Han times, 1297 ; stay at, 1237 ; sites near, 1238 ;
Lokapala figs., 87o.
Kuchean ': term applied to language
previously designated ' Language I' and identified with ' Tokhari B', 814, 915, 1238; inscription in, Sn painted wooden panel, 1188, 1201 ; MSS.
found : (Miran) 489, 1448 ; (Yarkhoto) 1167, 1448; (Khôra) 1224,
1448 ; (Ch'ien-fo-tung) 814) 913,
915 sq., 1448 sq.
Kud. = Kudughun, q. v.
Kilda, side-valley, 88.
Kudughun hill, objects found near, 1306,
Kuei Hu, tribe, in Chin Annals,118zn.13.
Kuei-i : name applied to command of Tun-huang, 838 n. io, 1396.
Kuei-jtn, Chinese designation of Little
Kuei-shuang, territory,in Han Annals, 45.
Kulzob, Persianized reproduction of Khv,
43 n. 10.
Kuk Naur, see Koko-nör.
Kulacha, locality, 452.
Kulja, ten-cash tokens of, 1341. Kum-arik-darya (Ak-su River) : ' river of
Po-huan ' of Tang Annals, 1299 ; volume of water in, ib.
Kum-bagh, Chinese coins found at, 1342.
Kum-chapkan,Loplik fishing-station,35 T . Kum-kuduk,wells, 345, 407; Mesas near,
423n. 35 ; levels observed from, 55o. Kum-rabat Padshâhim, Hsüan-tsang's
site of the sacred rats, 92.
Kunz-lagh (' Sand Mountains '), area of high dunes S. of Lop, 556.
Kum-tura, cave-temples near, 1238. kumâl, see Aiwan.
Kuma.rajiva, Indian Buddhist scholar, translates Sutra text, 687.
Kumaraputra (Cunda), story of, in Skr. MS. frs., 1436, 1438.
Kumul, see }Mini.
Kumush, road-station : Yin-shan (q.v.) located near, 1177 ; distance from Toksun, 1178.
K`un-lun, signal-station on Limes, 754.
Kun-lun Range : westernmost, localities along foot of, 85 sqq. ; route through outer hills, 90 ; chalcedony and cornelian plentiful in, loi ; preparations for expedition into, 1318 ; difficulties of ground and transport, 1319; journey across, 1320 sqq. ; high plateaus S. of, 1324 ; ascent to snowy col on, 1326.
Kûnar valley, 25 ; Alexander in, 3. Kundut, see Khandut.
Kuo Hsiao-k'u, Tang General, at Yench'i, 1183 n. 21.
Kuragh, locality, 4o.
Kuran (Ku-lang-na), territory, 44 n. 2o. Kurban Beg's Mahalla'(Charchan), 314. Kurbàn-kullu-köl, lagoon, 352 sq.
kurla, in painted panels, 174, 185, 194, 196.
Kuruk-darya, anc. river bed : branches of, 356 ; prehistoric occupation of ground near, 357 sqq. ruined fort and remains near, 358 ; Li Tao-Yüan's waters of the Ho', 420, 423 ; importance of K. for Lou-lan, 407 ; drying up of K., 427 ; Col. Kozloff's survey,
delta of, 354 ; later surveys in, 356 ; topography of route across, 450 sqq. ; prehistoric remains, 356 sqq., 363 sqq., 451. See also Konche-darya.
Kuruk-tagh, ranges : routes across, 338 ; Hun raids, ib. ; lack of water in central K., 585 n. 17.
Kusana period, script of, 243, 702 ; coins of, from Dir, 24.
Kusht (Koosht), remains near, 4o. Kushuk-aste Site, 198 ; blown glass fr. from, 200.
Kusizuzgari, named in MS. fr., i435. Kutluk, shepherd of Yar-tungaz, 271. Kuvera, see Kubera, VaiS`ravana. Kuwaghiz, wife of Kaz-ata, stone image
said to represent, 1303.
Kuya, statistics of population and cultivation of, 1319 n. 2.
Kwannon, Japanese name of Kuan-yin, q. v.